For example, in $\\ceCO2$, over there are an unfavorable areas close to the oxygens and positive areas near the carbon.
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Short answer: there are countless electrostatic interactions in between two non-polar molecules.
Beyond monopole (full charges) and permanent dipole moments (polar molecules), there is a full multipole expansion for the electrostatic potential around any type of molecule. (This is technically true because that atoms and also ions too, but higher-order terms room really only advantageous for molecules.)
So there are electrostatic potential energy interaction terms because that charge-dipole, dipole-dipole, dipole-quadrupole, quadrupole-quadrupole, etc.
These terms are crucial - the quadrupole-quadrupole interactions dictate the orientation that the benzene dimer and also $\\ceCO2$ dimer in your example.1
The problem is that many of this interactions dice off really quickly. The quadrupole-quadrupole term is:1
So roughly $1/r^5$, contrasted to $1/r^3$ because that dipole-dipole interactions, or $1/r^6$ for dispersion pressures like induced-dipoles.
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When such molecules room close, the quadrupole moment (and various other multipole electrostatic terms) have the right to dictate packing and also distances, yet are no as strong or as long-range together dipole-dipole or charge interactions.