Francis Sumner, PhD

Francis Sumner, PhD, is referred to as the “Father of black Psychology” because he was the first African American to receive a PhD degree in psychology.Sumner to be born in Arkansas in 1895. Together a teenager there is no a high institution education, he had the ability to pass an entrance exam to Lincoln University and graduate magna cum laude through honors. He later on enrolled in ~ Clark university to seek a bachelor of art in English in 1916. ~ graduation he went back to Lincoln as a graduate student and was mentored through Stanley Hall. Although he to be approved together a phd candidate, he might not begin his doctoral dissertation due to the fact that he to be drafted into the army during human being War I.

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Upon returning from the war, he reenrolled in the doctoral regime at Clark and in 1920 his dissertation titled "Psychoanalysis that Freud and also Adler" was accepted. Sumner became a professor at various universities and managed to publish several write-ups despite the refusal of research agencies to carry out funding for him since of his color.

He to be interested in knowledge racial bias and supporting educational justice. Sumner is also credited as among the founders of the psychology room at Howard University, which that chaired from 1928 until his fatality in 1954.

ReferenceThomas, R. (2006). "Sumner, Francis Cecil." afri American nationwide Biography, edited by Henry Louis gates Jr, edited by Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham. Oxford afri American studies Center.


Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD

Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD, was the an initial African American mrs to obtain her doctoral level in psychology. Prosser to be born in Texas in 1895. After graduating indigenous high school, she perfect a to teach certification and also taught in the Texas segregated school systems. She received her bachelor of arts in education in 1924 and also her master’s in education psychology indigenous the university of Colorado. Prosser accepted faculty and also administrative positions prior to deciding to go after her doctorate.

In 1933, she i graduated from the university of Cincinnati with her phd in education psychology. Her dissertation, "The Non-Academic development of Negro kids in Mixed and Segregated Schools," received lot acknowledgment. Her findings revealed that black students benefited an ext in segregated schools since they were an ext likely to receive affection, support and also a well balanced curriculum matches an combined school whereby they were most likely to have troubles adjusting academically, socially and in accepting their identity.

Tragically, Dr. Prosser passed away in a auto accident one year after ~ she received her PhD. However, throughout her job she encouraged countless black students to pursue higher education and her work-related was influential in the Brown v. Board of Education supreme Court decision that later on took ar in 1954.

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ReferenceMiller, J. (2006). "Prosser, Inez Beverly." afri American national Biography, edited by Henry Louis gateways Jr, edited by Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham. Oxford afri American research studies Center.