Attention:This write-up was written a few years earlier and might not reflect the latest transforms in the AP® program. We are gradually updating these posts and will remove this disclaimer as soon as this post is updated. Say thanks to you for her patience!

Regions space a highly challenged yet critical concept in the research of human being geography and also can be studied together they relate come space, place, and location. Regions enable us come generalize around a typical characteristic so us can far better group them. Human geography is not just concerned with describing social patterns, however with evaluating how they came around and your meaning.

Five Themes the Geography

A examine of geography does not only involve learning where to find a selection of people and places ~ above a map. The is just as essential for you, as a geographer, to understand why you find those human being in that specific place, and also how those places influence their lives, your neighbor’s lives, and your life. You have the right to use the 5 themes of location as a method to understand geographical information so friend can far better appreciate social and environmental changes approximately the world.

The five themes of location are:

LocationHuman/environmental interactionsRegionsPlaceMovement

A an ar is an area ~ above the earth established by two common characteristics: physical and also political geography. Physical regions are attributes such as deserts, mountains, and also lakes. Human-kind defines political regions by creating political borders like the boundaries of countries.

Why are Regions crucial to human being Geographers?

Standard commonwealth regions.

You are watching: Which type of region is based on trade connections

In geography, a region is a component of the planet identified by a level that similarity based on details features. Areas are locations that re-superstructure both human and physical characteristics. A an ar is what web links places with each other using any factor that you, as the human being geographer, choose. Those factors are typical traits such as culture, politics system, religious beliefs, language or physics features. Regions deserve to be mapped and studied. Where historians group events in one era as “periods”, geographers group locations spatially right into “regions”.

Regions of the civilization can and also do overlap such together the locations of south-east Asia and also Asia. Regions likewise have transitional boundaries like in between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa. Some areas are based on society (language or religion), while physical geography specifies others. Over there is not total agreement, however, among geographers on exactly how all regions are defined. One geographer may location Chad in the region of north Africa, and another would classify Chad as component of central Africa. Geographers will also use two various terms to describe the very same area; the middle East and Southwest Asia, because that example.

What are the Different varieties of Regions?

Now the we understand that a an ar is one area the shares both human and physical characteristics, let’s look in ~ the three types of areas in geography. Formal, functional and perceptual regions make up the three classifications that regions provided to organize complex ideas into much easier divisions. This three types of areas are of attention to geographers, engineers, and also cartographers.

Formal (Uniform) region

A formal an ar is one area with a high level of consistency in a certain social or physics attribute. Formal regions are uniform or homogeneous locations where everyone in that an ar shares common attributes or traits choose language, climate or politics system. Formal regions are mostly used come determine and also outline political, social and economic regions. It likewise can be defined as any type of geographic location with plainly delineated limits whose area is established, and also there is no disagreement end the area a formal region occupies.

Functional (Nodal) region

A functional an ar in geography is an area focused on a node, focal distance point, or central hub surrounded by interconnecting linkages. The major node in a functional an ar features surrounding locations with common social, political, or economic purposes the relate come trade, communications, or transportation. In various other words, a functional an ar has a certain collection of activities or interactions that occur within it, organized around a facility node or focal distance point. The main node additionally has a sphere of economic and also social affect that is much less noticeable in areas more removed from it.

A practical region, for example, deserve to be a territory that is organized about something central, such as a city. The distribution of its services is limited to a certain area, i m sorry is its practical or key nodal region. Other examples of a functional region could be the financial institution of America or FedEx.

Perceptual (Vernacular) an ar

A perceptual or vernacular region is characterized by feelings and prejudices that might or may not it is in true. That can also be an idea that a person’s mental map. It deserve to be viewed as how civilization think about or consciousness a region based on components that might not reflect the truth, such together the holy bible Belt or Hillbilly region. As soon as labeling perceptual regions, there are common presumptions made about the location or people.

For example, if friend say, “this town is life in the past, and there space no task opportunities” the points to a perceptual region. One more person could see the same place completely differently. They might say, “there are chances for growth, and brand-new business opportunities in this town”. A perceptual region does no exist in the literal sense, and also the an ar it inhabits is not explicitly defined. Geographers often differ on the place of a given perceptual region, that is dependent completely upon personal perspective and based top top opinion quite than fact. Perceptual areas may, in part cases, contradict facts or regions emerged by geographers.

What perform you think of as soon as you listen the expression “Little Italy”? What words, paragraph or mental images involved mind? how you perceive that phrase helps you know perceptual regions.

FRQ 3: The an ar is a highly contested yet an essential concept in the research of human being geography. What is a an ar and why is it crucial to human geographers? list three varieties of regions, specify them and also list an example of each.

Sample Answer: A region is what web links places with each other using any type of parameter the geographer chooses. Three varieties of regions are formal, vernacular, and also functional. Formal regions are uniform. Anyone shares in usual one or more distinctive characteristic. An instance would be the Mid West being considered the Corn Belt because corn is their distinctive characteristic. Vernacular areas are perceptual. They space a place that people believe exists as component of their social identity. An example would be people thinking that sweet tea once they think of “the South”. Functional regions room nodal. They room an area organized about a focal distance point. They room tied to that main point through transportation, economics, or communication systems. An instance would it is in the area the Tampa the receives the Tampa Tribune.


The an ar outlined over contains distribution destinations served by united Trucking. I m sorry of the complying with classifications best fits this region?

A. Functional

B. Formal

C. Vernacular

D. Mental


Correct Answer:

(A) A functional region consists of a node and the places attached to that main point with some type of movement. In this case the an ar is created by the activity of joined Trucking’s solutions to customers in the places within the limits shown in the diagram. (B) defines a location with a uniform trait, such as language, present throughout the area. (C), (D), and also (E) describe regions like the bible Belt or the south in the united States—regions v boundaries marked by people’s ideas rather than overtly measurable characteristics.

Wrapping up Regions


Check the end our other write-ups on AP Human Geography.

See more: 2001 Chevy Tahoe Factory Amp Location, (((Stock Amp Location)))

Start practicing here.