Water can take many forms. At short temperatures (below \(0^\texto \textC\)), that is a solid. Once at "normal" temperatures (between \(0^\texto \textC\) and also \(100^\texto \textC\)), the is a liquid. While at temperatures above \(100^\texto \textC\), water is a gas (steam). The state thatwater is in depends upon the temperature. Every state has its own unique set of physical properties. Matter typically exists in one of three states: solid, liquid, or gas.

You are watching: Which state of matter has a definite volume but no definite shape


Plasma: A fourth State the Matter

Technically speaking, a fourth state of matter dubbed plasma exists, however it does not naturally take place on earth, so we will certainly omit the from our examine here.

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If the particles of a substance have actually enough power to partially get over intermolecular interactions, climate the particles deserve to move around each other while remaining in contact. This defines the liquid state. In a liquid, the particles are still in near contact, therefore liquids have a definite volume. However, due to the fact that the particles have the right to move around each various other rather freely, a liquid has no definite shape and takes a form dictated by its container.

Liquids have actually the following characteristics:

No definite shape (takes the shape of that container). Has actually definite volume. Corpuscle are totally free to move over each other, but are still attractive to each other.

A familiar liquid is mercury metal. Mercury is an anomaly. It is the only metal we recognize of that is liquid at room temperature. Mercury likewise has an capability to stick to itself (surface tension)—a residential or commercial property that every liquids exhibit. Mercury has actually a fairly high surface ar tension, which provides it an extremely unique. Here you see mercury in its typical liquid form.

Example \(\PageIndex1\)

What state or states of issue does each statement, describe?

This state has actually a identify volume, yet no definite shape. This state has no identify volume. This state allows the individual particles to move around while staying in contact.

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This statement defines the fluid state. This statement describes the gas state. This statement defines the fluid state.

Exercise \(\PageIndex1\)