genreAntigone and also Oedipus the King aretragedies; Oedipus in ~ Colonus is difficult to classify.

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languageAncient Greek

time and place writtenAntigone is believed to have beenwritten about 441 b.c., Oedipusthe King approximately 430 b.c., and Oedipusat Colonus sometime near the end of Sophocles’ life in 406–405 b.c. The theatre were every written and produced in Athens,Greece.

date of first publication The plays most likely circulated in manuscript in fifth-centuryb.c. Athensand have actually come under to modern editors v the scribal and also editorialefforts of scholar in old Greece, ancient Alexandria, and medievalEurope.

publisherThere is no recognized publisher of initial or at an early stage editions.The many important contemporary edition the the Greek texts, all set by A.C. Pearson, was released by Oxford University press in 1924 andreprinted through corrections in 1928.



setting (time)All three plays are collection in the mythical past of ancientGreece.

setting (place)Antigone and Oedipus the King areset in Thebes, Oedipus at Colonus in Colonus (nearAthens).

protagonistOedipus is the protagonist the both Oedipusthe King and Oedipus at Colonus. Antigoneis the protagonist of Antigone.

major conflictAntigone’s significant conflict is betweenCreon and Antigone. Creon has claimed that the body of Polynicesmay not be given a appropriate burial due to the fact that he led the forces thatinvaded Thebes, yet Antigone desire to offer her brothers a properburial nevertheless. The major conflict of Oedipus the King ariseswhen Tiresias speak Oedipus that Oedipus is responsible because that theplague, and Oedipus refuses to believe him. The significant conflict that Oedipusat Colonus is between Oedipus and Creon. Creon has actually beentold through the oracle that just Oedipus’s return can bring an finish tothe civil strife in Thebes—Oedipus’s 2 sons, Eteocles and also Polynices,are at battle over the throne. Oedipus, furious in ~ Thebes because that exilinghim, has no desire to return.

rising actionThe rising action of Oedipus the King occurswhen Creon return from the oracle with the news the the plaguein Thebes will end when the murderer of Laius, the king prior to Oedipus,is discovered and also driven out. The rising activity of Oedipusat Colonus occurs as soon as Creon needs that Oedipus returnto Thebes and also tries to pressure him to perform so. The rising activity of Antigone isAntigone’s decision come defy Creon’s orders and also bury she brother.

climaxThe climax of Oedipus the King occurswhen Oedipus learns, rather contrary to his expectations, the heis the man responsible because that the torment that has actually stricken Thebes—heis the guy who killed his father and also slept with his mother. Theclimax the Oedipus at Colonus happens when we hearof Oedipus’s death. The climax of Antigone is whenCreon, too late come avert tragedy, decides to pardon Antigone fordefying his orders and burying she brother.

falling actionIn Oedipus the King, the consequencesof Oedipus’s discovering of his identity as the man who eliminated hisfather and slept with his mother are the fall action. This discoverydrives Jocasta to cave herself, Oedipus come poke the end his very own eyes,and Creon to banish Oedipus from Thebes. The falling action of Oedipusat Colonus is Oedipus’s curse of Polynices. The curse isfollowed by the beginning of a storm, which Oedipus recognizes as asignal of his imminent death. The falling action of Antigone occursafter Creon decides to cost-free Antigone from she tomblike prison. Creon arrivestoo late and also finds the Antigone has hanged herself. Haemon, Antigone’sfiancé, make the efforts to kill Creon however ends up death himself. Creon’swife, Eurydice, stabs herself.

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themesThe strength of undeded law, the willingness come ignorethe truth, the borders of complimentary will

motifsSuicide, sight and blindness, graves and also tombs

symbolsOedipus’s swollen foot, the three-way crossroads, Antigone’s entombment

foreshadowingOedipus’s name, which literally means “swollen foot,” foreshadowshis discovery of his very own identity. Tiresias, the remote prophet,appears in both Oedipus the King and Antigone and announceswhat will take place to Oedipus and also to Creon—only to be totally ignoredby both. The truth that originates from Tiresias’s remote foreshadowsthe revelation the inspires Oedipus to remote himself. Oedipus’scommand in Oedipus at Colonus the no one, noteven his own daughters, understand where he has actually been hidden foreshadowsthe troubles surrounding interment in Antigone.