The Federalist documents were a collection of essays created by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pen surname "Publius." This overview compiles Library of conference digital materials, exterior websites, and also a publish bibliography.

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Authors:Ken Drexler, Reference Specialist, Researcher and Reference solutions Division

Robert Brammer, Legal details Specialist, law Library of Congress

Editor:Barbara Bavis, Bibliographic and Research instruction Librarian, legislation Library that Congress

Created: might 3, 2019

Last Updated: august 13, 2019


The Federalist papers were a collection of eighty-five essays urging the citizen of new York come ratify the new United claims Constitution. Created by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, the essays originally appeared anonymously in brand-new York papers in 1787 and 1788 under the pen name "Publius." The Federalist files are taken into consideration one that the most crucial sources because that interpreting and also understanding the initial intent the the Constitution.


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Title page of "The Federalist" (N.Y. John Tiebout, 1799). 1799. Library of conference Prints & Photographs Division.


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Publius (pseudonym because that James Madison). “The Federalist. No. X” in the brand-new York everyday Advertiser. Web page 2. (November 22, 1787). Library of congress Serial and also Government publications Division


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The federalist : a repertoire of essays, written in favour that the new Constitution, together agreed top top by the commonwealth Convention, September 17, 1787.

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. Library of conference Rare book & distinct Collections Division.


Subjects: American History, at an early stage American History, Government, historical American Law, political Science, Primary files in American background