Playing the piano will assist you in your music theoretical studies, by enabling you come engagekinesthetically through music.A sample of black keys grouped into twos and also threes repeats ~ above the piano key-board for seven octaves.The white keep in mind C is to the prompt left the the two-note black an essential pattern, while the white keep in mind F is to the prompt left of the three-note black vital pattern.Piano players, additionally called pianists, review music ~ above the cool staff.Middle C is the note that appears on the line in between the two staves in a grand staff.When counting notes on a piano keyboard, constantly count a note to itself as “one.”

Many students uncover studying music theory much easier when they connect with music kinesthetically . In other words, physically developing sounds by play a musical instrument (such as the piano) help students to far better visualize and audiate the music they space writing down or studying. This enables students to recognize the relationship between different pitches much more quickly.

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The Piano Keyboard

Learning to play notes on the piano is one easy method to connect with music kinesthetically. You may find accessibility to a piano key-board (acoustic or electronic) at her school, college, or university. You may also purchase a cheap electronic keyboard if girlfriend like. One more option is to download a free piano application that you can play on your phone, such as Tiny Piano.

Example 1 shows a picture of a small portion of a piano keyboard:

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Example 1. A small part of a piano keyboard.

Notice that the keyboard has actually both white keys and black keys. The black tricks are grouped into sets of either three tricks or two keys. Example 2 mirrors a larger portion of a piano keyboard:

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Example 2. A larger part of a piano keyboard.

Notice that the to adjust of three and two black keys alternative throughout the entire length the a piano keyboard. These patterns separate the keys into differentoctaves.

Playing the Piano

When girlfriend sit at the piano, the is vital to sit up straight, keeping your head over her shoulders, which should be preserved down. Her elbows must be a comfortable distance from your body, and also your fingers should remain arched (as if you to be pulling a library publication off of a shelf). Keep your knees and wrists versatile (not stiff), and also keep your feet level on the ground unless you room using the pedals.

Example 3 reflects a brief video which describes how to attain proper attitude at the piano:

Example 3. Dr. Benjamin Corbin (Christopher Newport University) demonstrates appropriate piano posture.

White an essential Letter names of the Piano Keyboard and also Octave Equivalence

Example 4 mirrors a piano keyboard with the letter surname of the white an essential pitches labeled:

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Example 4. The letter names of the white key pitches room labeled.

When the black keys show up as a collection of two, the keep in mind to their prompt left is C. As soon as black keys show up as a set of three, the keep in mind to their instant left is F. As was discussed in the ahead chapter, pitches in Western music notation room designated through the an initial seven letter of the Latin alphabet: A, B, C, D, E, F, and also G. ~ G these letter surname repeat again, start with A, developing a loop: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C, etc. As pointed out in the former chapter, this loop of letter names exists because musicians and music theorists today accept octave equivalence. In various other words, pitches be separate by an octave have actually the same letter name. Because that example, in instance 4, there space several various keys through the same letter name of “C”; number of other different keys have the same letter name of “A.”

The cool Staff

Music because that the piano is typically written in both the treble and bass clefs top top a cool staff. Example 5 reflects a grand staff:

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Example 5. A grand staff is associated with a line and also a brace.

To do a cool staff, a staff v a treble clef is placed over a staff with a base clef. The 2 staves are associated on the left side with a line and also a brace. Typically, the lower notes (in the bass clef) space played with a pianist’s left hand, if the higher notes (in the treble clef) are played v their appropriate hand.

Example 6 shows the lines and spaces top top the grand staff labeled v letter names:

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Example 6. A grand staff through the lines and spaces labeled v pitch names.

As you can see, the letter name of the lines and also spaces the the treble and bass clefs are the same as questioned in the prior chapter (Reading Clefs). Let’s take a closer look in ~ the ledger-line notes that might appear below the treble employee and above the base clef staff. Example 7 shows some of this notes, labeled through letter names:

Example 7. Pitches below the treble clef staff and over the bass clef staff, labeled through letter names.

Stems have been placed on the notes in example 7. The stems that allude upwards (those to the appropriate of the noteheads) room meant to be played in the treble clef, while the stems that allude downwards (those to the left the the noteheads) are meant to be play in the base clef. Each of the vertical pairs of note in example 7 space the same pitch: i.e. Castle sound the same, also though they room notated in two different clefs, as shown by having the exact same letter name. Instance 8 shows the staves of example 7 vertically condensed:


This instance shows exactly how these note would appear if there were no so much room in between the treble clef and bass clef staves that a grand staff. The letter names space the same in instance 8 together they to be in instance 7.

Example 9 shows a vertically condensed cool staff through the note C boxed:

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Example 9. The keep in mind C is boxed in a vertically condensed cool staff.

This boxed C is dubbed middle C. Center C is therefore named because it would appear in the center of the treble and bass clef staves if they were vertically condensed (i.e. If there were no so much space in between them), together in instance 9. Additionally, center C is the note that appears to be approximately the center of a piano keyboard, typically underneath the brand’s name.

Example 10 shows example 9 vertically increased to its regular spacing:

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Example 10. A vertically expanded instance 9.

Middle C is tho boxed in instance 10. Though it shows up in both the treble clef and also bass clef staves, this keep in mind would sound together the same pitch.

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Generic Intervals (Interval Size)

Often in music theory you will want to measure or describe the distance in between notes—either top top a piano keyboard or a staff. This “count” of note on a piano key-board or employee is called a generic interval. As soon as counting share intervals, the is important to understand that as soon as you counting a keep in mind to itself it must be counted together one and also not zero. Instance 11 mirrors two notes, one F and a C, on a staff v a treble clef:

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Example 11. An example of a generic fifth.

If you counting the notes F come C in instance 11 (by counting every line and room between the 2 notes), you may be tempted to carry out this: F come G is one; G to A is two; A to B is three; and B to C is four. However, this would be incorrect. Instead, you should count F to itself as one; F come G together two; G come A together three; A to B together four; and also B to C together five. Therefore, we would say that F and C are five notes apart, no four. Music theorists and also musicians would contact the distance in between these 2 notes a “generic fifth.”