When friend are challenged with starting a research study paper, the many important component of researching and beginning to compose is ORGANIZING the information and also your thoughts. If you are not organized, it will take considerably more time to write the paper. To make it easy on yourself, you can use an index card device as you conference information. With this method, girlfriend categorize the information you discover by topic. For each topic, you can have any number of cards native several different sources. Later, together you create your paper, each map topic i do not care a body i (supporting idea) in your paper.

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As you find interesting facts around your topic during your research, you should write them down. Every sentence or idea that you uncover should be paraphrased (summarized in your very own words), and also written on a card. In stimulate to keep your ideas in order, and to remember where you discovered the ideas, there room four items the you should incorporate on the index card, together you will see below.

Here is a sample card:


The card topic is the title for the kind of information on the card. The card topic is a name the you make up yourself. Think of it together the title, or main idea the the card. After creating down the information, number out how you could briefly categorize, or location it. For example, if you room writing a record on the life and also works that the poet, Langston Hughes, friend may have actually cards v topics together as: Hughes" upbringing Hughes and the Harlem Renaissance Hughes" impacts Hughes" poetry Hughes" politics beliefs Hughes" influence on AmericaAlthough it may seem tedious to give each note card a topic name, the serves two purposes: It keeps you focused in her research. You will be much less likely to write down unnecessary details (facts that space not regarded your topic) if you are careful to compose down the topic because that every card. It is crucial to have these topics as soon as you begin organizing her research.

The source title is the name of the book, magazine, website, etc., in which you uncovered the information. In the ahead example, the source was provided a number, rather of creating out the whole title. You can write the end the location on each card, or just list your resources on a separate sheet that paper, choose the instance here. Number your sources on this list, and also then usage the number on the note cards come specify which source detailed which fact.

Sample source List

This is not a complete works cited, bibliography, or recommendation page. You will require to add the publication information and also use the correct citation layout (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, etc.) because that the formal functions cited page. Item number 3 is the paraphrased details that you found. That is helpful to paraphrase, or summarize, your study on the index cards if you room taking notes. If you are regular in paraphrasing in ~ this stage, then you will certainly be details not to accidentally plagiarize someone else"s work. Girlfriend will likewise have less work to do once you space actually writing the paper. The image of a notecard v a note on page. It is necessary to be accurate with the page numbers ~ above your keep in mind cards, as you will need them because that citations throughout your research paper. Be sure you understand which form of citation her teacher requires. (For info on citing her sources, look at English Works! handouts ~ above MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian layout citations).



Once you have actually written the details down on the note cards, friend only should go back and organize your cards through topic. Group together all the cards that have actually the very same topic (i.e. Every the cards titled: "Hughes" Poetry" must be together). Once you finish, girlfriend should have your cards in piles, one topic every pile. You deserve to have any variety of piles and any variety of cards in each pile. The length and detail that your file will identify how plenty of piles and also cards you have.

Your piles may look like:


Make one Outline and also Start Writing

Once you have actually separated her cards right into piles, each topic pile should become a body paragraph in her paper. The is the an essential to this system. If every topic straight supports your thesis statement, climate each topic pile should become a supporting idea, body paragraph, or component of a i in your paper.

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But before you actually begin writing, you should make an rundown of the bespeak you want to existing these topics in your paper. (For assist making an outline, view the English Works web page top top Pre-writing and also Outlines). When the rundown is complete, usage your keep in mind cards together guides and begin writing. Because that further aid on creating a research paper, refer to the English Works! web page process of law a research Paper, guide to developing Thesis Statements, and/or overview to composing Introductions and Conclusions.