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Brisbane, port, capital of Queensland, Australia, and also the country’s third largest city. That lies astride the Brisbane flow on the southern slopes of the Taylor Range, 12 miles (19 km) above the river’s mouth in ~ Moreton Bay.


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The site, first explored in 1823 by john Oxley, was inhabited in 1824 through a penal colony, which had actually moved native Redcliffe (22 mile <35 km> northeast). The at an early stage name, Edenglassie, was changed to honour Sir cutting board Makdougall Brisbane, branch of new South Wales (1821–25), once the convict negotiation was claimed a city in 1834. Officially, freemen might not work out within 50 miles (80 km) that the nest until that is penal function was exit in 1839, however this ban confirmed ineffective. A short-lived rivalry for eminence with the town of Cleveland was finished when the latter’s wharves shed in 1854, enabling Brisbane to end up being the leading port. Proclaimed a municipality in 1859, it came to be the resources of freshly independent Queensland that exact same year. Gazetted a city in 1902, it to be joined throughout the 1920s with south Brisbane to kind the City of greater Brisbane. That is municipal government, top by a lord mayor, holds very broad powers. The Brisbane statistical division, including the cities of Ipswich and also Redcliffe, has actually close economic and also social ties come the city.

Brisbane is the hub of numerous rail lines and also highways, which bring produce indigenous a vast agricultural hinterland extending west come the eastern Highlands, the Darling Downs, and also beyond. The city’s port, which can accommodate ships of 34,000 tons, exports wool, grains, dairy products, meat, sugar, maintained foods, and also mineral sands. The urban area, likewise industrialized, with an ext than fifty percent of the state’s manufacturing capacity, has actually heavy and also light engineering works, food-processing plants, shipyards, oil refineries, sawmills, and factories producing rubber goods, automobiles, cement, and also fertilizer. Oil is piped indigenous wells in ~ Moonie (west) and at Roma (northwest), which also supplies organic gas. Water is supplied from Lake Manchester, the Mount crossby Weir, and the Somerset Dam. The city, the halves of i m sorry are connected by numerous bridges and ferries, is the website of the college of Queensland in ~ St. Lucia (1909), Griffith college (1971), Parliament home (1869), the state museum (1855) and art gallery (1895), Anglican and Roman Catholic cathedrals, and many parks and also gardens. In January 2011, after ~ a an extensive period of hefty rain, the Brisbane river overflowed the banks and caused the city’s worst flood since 1974. Pop. (2001) local government area, 873,780; Brisbane statistical Division, 1,627,535; (2006) local government area, 956,129; Brisbane statistics Division, 1,763,131.

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This article was many recently revised and also updated by Lorraine Murray, combine Editor.