Tiger (Panthera tigris): The tiger is the biggest of every the Asian huge cats and also is a member the the genus Panthera.

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Kingdom: | AnimaliaPhylum: | ChordataClass: | MammaliaOrder: | CarnivoraFamily: | FelidaeGenus: | PantheraSpecies: | tigris

There space two recognized subspecies the tiger: the continental (Panthera tigris tigris) and the Sunda (Panthera tigris sondaica), follow to IUCN.

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Size and Weight:

Tigers are the largest of every the Asian big cats. Tigers selection from six to ten feet long, and they deserve to weigh almost everywhere from 220 come 660 pounds.

Males the the larger subspecies, the continent tiger, weigh as much as 660 pounds. While males that the smaller subspecies, the Sunda tiger, weigh as much as 310 pounds. The males are generally heavier 보다 females in both subspecies.

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Appearance:

Tigers are recognized for your dark upright stripes on orange-brown fur with a lighter underside. Your coloring and also marking rely on the subspecies and the tiger’s location. While countless of the large continental tigers have pale orange hair with couple of stripes, the smaller Sunda tigers have dark, thickly striped fur.

Tigers can likewise be black v tan stripes, every white (albino), or white and tan. In some zoos, there might be “white tigers.” these tigers room not albino however rather the white-and-tan shade variation through blue eyes. True albinos are really rare and also have pink eyes, follow to the mountain Diego Zoo.

Each tiger’s markings space unique. Your stripes space as individual together fingerprints room for humans. Many tigers have actually over 100 stripes. In the wild, a tiger’s stripes are essential for survival. Castle act as camouflage, showing up as moving shadows in lengthy grass and in trees. This help with searching prey.

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Diet:

The tiger is one apex predator, primarily searching ungulates (hoofed mammals) prefer deer and also wild boar. They rely mostly on sight and also sound quite than smell for hunting. They generally hunt alone and also stalk prey. A tiger can consume more than 90 pounds the meat in ~ one time.

Habitat:

Tigers deserve to be found in miscellaneous habitats, such as tropical rainforests, evergreen forests, pleasant forests, mangrove swamps, grasslands and also savannas.

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Geography:

There might be as few as 3,890 tigers in the wild, follow to the civilization Wildlife Fund. Many of which have the right to be uncovered in isolated pockets spread across increasingly fragmentized forests. Their habitat stretches from India come southeastern China and also from the Russian Far eastern to Sumatra, Indonesia.

Breeding:

Tigers are largely solitary creatures, as well as the association in between a mother and also her offspring. Top top average, mrs tigers give birth to two to 4 cubs every two years. Juvenile mortality is high in tigers, and an ext than fifty percent of cubs execute not survive more than 2 years. If every the cubs in one litter die, a female may provide birth come a 2nd litter within five months.

Tigers frequently leave your mother and gain freedom after two years the age. Females attain sexual maturity at period three or four, while males reach sex-related maturity about four or 5 years.

Individual tigers have a huge territory, i beg your pardon they mark with urine, feces, rakes, scrapes and also vocalizing. The dimension is mostly identified by the accessibility of prey.

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Lifespan:

Tigers have been well-known to reach up to 20 years of age in the wild. ~ above average, many tigers live 10 come 15 year in the wild.

Threats:

Poaching, habitat loss, human-tiger conflict, climate adjust and captive tigers are among the biggest threats come tigers. According to WWF, Poaching is the most prompt threat come wild tigers. Every part of the tiger, indigenous whisker come tail, has actually been discovered in illegal wildlife markets.

Habitat loss is another major threat come wild tigers, together they have actually lost an estimated 95% that their historic range. Human activities have destroyed, degraded, and also fragmented their habitat. As result of their territorial behavior and large home ranges, tigers need broad swaths that habitat for your survival.

As human beings spread right into their habitat, there has actually been boost in conflicts between people and also tigers as they contend for space. As woodlands shrink and also prey i do not care scarce, tigers are forced to leave protected areas in search of food. Thus, many tigers are much more likely come come into conflict with humans. A tiger may hunt domestic livestock, leading to the captivation or fatality of the tiger.

Climate adjust is another threat to wild tigers. For example, a distinct tiger populace found in the Sundarbans, a huge mangrove forest area common by India and Bangladesh ~ above the shore of the Indian Ocean, space threatened by climbing sea levels. Rising sea levels linked with climate readjust threaten come flood this forests, possibly wiping the end the last remaining habitat that this unique tiger population.

Tiger “farms” and also captive tigers are another significant threat come the species. Follow to WWF, over there are between 7,000 and also 8,000 many tigers being hosted in centers across East and Southeast Asia, most of i beg your pardon in China. These tiger “farms” have far-reaching negative effects on the species, as they perpetuate the demand for tiger products, offer as a cover for illegal trade and undermine enforcement efforts. That is estimated that roughly 5,000 many tigers reside in the joined States.

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Conservation Status:

Tigers room classified as endangered. There room an estimated 3,900 tigers in the wild. After ~ a century the decline, tiger number are beginning to tick upward.

According come WWF, tiger populaces are secure or enhancing in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Russia and also China. However, in various other areas, including much of southeast Asia, tigers are still in crisis and also declining in number.

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Conservation Efforts:

Wild tigers have actually proved that they deserve to recover, as proven in many areas. In 2020, the 13 tiger range countries committed to TX2, a conservation score that aims to double wild tiger numbers by 2022, the next Year that the Tiger.

Various organizations, including WWF and the san Diego Zoo, are contributing come conservation efforts. WWF is working to preserve and connect tiger habitat. It also works come enforce zero yongin for tiger poaching across Asia and is likewise working to remove the tiger trade.

Meanwhile, the mountain Diego Zoo has actually teamed increase with means Kambas national Park in Sumatra, Indonesia, a significant habitat because that Sumatran tigers. They are funding studies to recognize the number and distribution of these critically endangered big cats. Zoos also assist tigers through reproduction programs and also through educating the general public about huge cats.

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How You deserve to Help:

Protect tigers: there are around 5,000 captive tigers here in the US. Ask her Member of conference to cosponsor the large Cat Public safety Act (H.R. 1380/S. 2561), which would help ensure the the us does its part in the fight versus illegal tiger trade.

Adopt a tiger: make a symbolic tiger adoption to support WWF’s preservation efforts.