Antigone by Sophocles

BACKGROUND

This beat is a Greek tragedy created in the 5th century BC. Sophocles is among three Greek playwrights whose functions survive.The Antigoneis the story of Antigone (shocking!), the daughter that Oedipus the male who killed his father and married his momma). Creon is the leader the Thebes currently that Oedipus is gone. The beat starts simply after Thebes has actually repelled an attack by seven various other Greek city-states (hence, the seven versus Thebes). Polyneices is one of Antigone’s brothers; Eteocles is Antigone’s other brother. Both died in the battle. Eteocles protected Thebes, and Creon wants to give him a ticker-tape parade and a hero’s funeral. Polyneices fought against Thebes, and also Creon desires to leaving his human body in a field and let dog eat the corpse. Creon declares the anyone who buries Polyneices will certainly be put to death. Antigone, gift the faithful sister she is, insists top top burying Polyneices. And also here, mine friends, the dispute begins.The Antigonedeals with concerns of Gods’ law versus Man’s law, individual civil liberties versus the legal rights of the state. The play finally decides that the law of the god supercedes the regulation of Man, and that the civil liberties of the state don’t constantly take precedence end the rights of individuals.

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A note: Greek plays aren’t split into acts and also scenes the same means our theatre are. You might find the play broken down right into episodes andstasima(choral songs, or odes). Generally, Greek plays have actually three to 6 episodes. You have the right to think of the episodes together acts and you recognize when an episode is over due to the fact that the chorus starts astasima. Part translations will divide the play right into scenes and also acts; rather will use Greek terms. What matters is the the Greeks didn’t write their theatre in scenes and acts. Our translation (Fitts and also Fitzgerald, in case you’re interested) supplies these divisions: prologue (which provides information about what happened prior to the pat starts),parados(the enntrance gate of the chorus), scenes and also odes.

MAIN CHARACTERS

Antigone: daughter (and sister) of Oedipus, girlfriend of Haemon, nephew of Creon, sister the Ismene and also both Eteocles and also Polyneices. She buries Polyneices and also is put to death.

Ismene: sister the Antigone, she doesn’t desire to bury Polyneices since she’s fear of Creon.

Creon: King that Thebes, uncle and brother-in-law the Oedipus. He wishes he were dead.

Haemon: Creon’s son, Antigone’s boyfriend. That dies.

Tiresias: blind prophet that Thebes, he to know what’s up, yet Creon won’t listen to him.

Eurydice: Queen the Thebes. She dies.

Chorus: the old men of Thebes

Messenger, Guards, Servants, Soldiers

PLOT

The beat starts the morning after ~ the Seven against Thebes were defeated. Polyneices and Eteocles both died in the battle. Creon has declared that no one is to bury Polyneices. Antigone has chose to ask Polyneices and also tries to acquire Ismene to aid her. Ismene refuses. Several human being warn Antigone no to defy Creon, however she doesn’t listen and gets caught. Creon sentences her to die. Haemon pleads with Creon no to death Antigone. Creon won’t listen. Haemon death himself. Eurydice finds out that her son, Haemon, is dead. Eurydice death herself. The play ends through Creon miserable, his wife and also son dead, Antigone dead, the city that Thebes turned against him, and also Tiresias laughing at him. Every one of it is his own fault, and he wishes he had listened to the Gods. In between, the chorus talks about the nature of man, part soldiers space bitched out, Antigone tells off everyoneandwallows in self-pity. Together fitting a Greek tragedy, many of the characters die or are damaged by the end.

SCENE BY step

Prologue Antigone and also Ismene talk about Creon’s declaration about their brothers. Antigone says she’s going to bury Polyneices anyway. Ismene tries come "talk part sense" into Antigone. Antigone is hardheaded and won’t listen and also tells Ismene to go to hell. (not literally) Parados

The chorus and also thechoregoi(chorus leader, kind of choose the head cheerleader) sing about how Polyneices led the Seven versus Thebes and also how Thebes "like a mighty dragon" kicked the crap the end of the attackers.

scene One Creon enters and also officially declares what we currently know: Polyneices is to remain unburied. A Sentry come in and also beats approximately the bush prior to telling Creon that someone has hidden Polyneices. The Chorus suggests that the god have hidden Polyneices. Creon states they’re senile and also tells the Sentry to carry in the human being who buried Polyneices. Creon storms the end in a huff. Ode One

The Chorus sings a song around how great Man is.

Scene two The Sentry bring in Antigone after capturing her re-burying Polyneices. Creon come out and also wants come hear the entirety story. Creon asks Antigone if it’s true that she buried Polyneices. Antigone confesses and gives a soapbox speech around following the regulation of the Gods. Creon’s manhood is challenged, and also he reaction by walk macho. ("Who is the man here?") Creon tells his servants to arrest Ismene. Creon and Antigone argue around honor and also loyalty. Ismene come in and also Creon asks she if she’s guilty too. Ismene tries come confess, yet Antigone gives her the Heisman and also shuts her off. Creon pronounces, yet again, that Antigone have to die. Ode Two

The Chorus sings around how poor it is to be human and piss turn off the Gods.

Scene 3 Haemon and Creon argue over Antigone. Creon rambles about the duties of a "good son." Haemon tells Creon that he’s going to kill himself if Creon death Antigone. The Chorus convinces Creon that it would be a negative thing if he killed Antigone himself, so, in a pathetic effort to save his hand clean, the decides come lock her in a vault outside the city and also let she die. Ode Three

The Chorus sings a song around love.

scene Four
Antigone marches v on her means to her small place in the nation (that is, her fatality chamber). The Chorus feeling sorry because that her. She feels sorrier because that herself and also makes a noble, martyr’s speech. Antigone accuses the Chorus of making fun of her. The Chorus brings up Oedipus. Antigone and also the Chorus debate. Creon cut them off and also sends off Antigone come die. Ode Four

The Chorus sings a song about Destiny and some Greeks that were screwed by Destiny.

Scene five Tiresias advises Creon that the god are against Antigone’s fatality sentence and also his refusal to ask Polyneices. Creon accuses Tiresias of gift bribed come speak versus him. The Chorus advises Creon to cost-free Antigone and bury Polyneices. Creon finally pertains to his senses and also agrees to monitor the advice the the Chorus. Paen (the last ode)

The Chorus sings a song about Dionysus.

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Exodos (the last scene to add the leave of the Chorus) Messenger tells the Chorus the Haemon committed suicide. Eurydice come out and also asks the Messenger what’s walking on. In pains detail, the Messenger tells Eurydice what happened: Creon had actually gone the end to complimentary Antigone, but she had hanged herself before he obtained there. Haemon is there and also he spits in Creon’s face, climate draws his sword and also attacks Creon. Creon dodges, and Haemon stabs himself. after hearing the story, Eurydice runs into the palace. The Messenger goes right into the palace to inspect on Eurydice. Creon comes onstage through Haemon’s body and also laments the fatality of his son. The Messenger comes the end of the palace and also tells Creon that Eurydice has killed herself. The doors that the palace open up to expose Eurydice’s body. Messenger states that Eurydice stabbed herself. Creon wails about being guilty for killing his wife and also son, and also how pride was his downfall. The Chorus observes the "there is no wisdom yet in entry to the Gods."

THINGS TO do YOU watch SMART

The key theme right here is the will certainly of the Gods and also the law of Man: Don"t mess through the Gods room you will be screwed. The large issue her teacher will bring up is: that was right, Creon or Antigone? You have the right to answer this either method really. You can say Creon made a decision and needed come stick with it or you can say blood is thicker 보다 water and Antigone had to defy the legislation to ask her brother. One interesting point is the Antigone wasn’t really subtle about burying her brother and also her motives could be suspect. Probably she wanted to obtain caught? Greek tragedies to be sung. Just three actors were permitted and they had actually to play every the major parts. The members that the Chorus didn’t count as one of the 3 actors. Greek actors performed in masks. The Antigonewas performed in 442 BC Greek plays were performed at the City Dionysus, a civic/religious festival. Thus the choral ode to Dionysus.