Motifs room recurring structures, contrasts, and also literary devices that can assist to develop and also inform the text’s major themes.

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Hallucinations

Visions and also hallucinations recur transparent the play and serve as reminders that Macbeth and also Lady Macbeth’s joint culpability for the farming body count. As soon as he is about to kill Duncan, Macbeth watch a dagger floating in the air. Covered with blood and pointed toward the king’s chamber, the dagger represents the bloody food on i beg your pardon Macbeth is around to embark. Later, that sees Banquo’s ghost sitting in a chair in ~ a feast, pricking his conscience through mutely recall him the he murdered his former friend. The look at hardheaded Lady Macbeth likewise eventually gives way to visions, as she sleepwalks and believes that her hands room stained with blood that cannot be washed away by any amount of water. In every case, it is ambiguous whether the vision is actual or purely hallucinatory; but, in both cases, the Macbeths review them uniformly together supernatural indications of their guilt.

Violence

Macbeth is a famously violent play. Interestingly, many of the killings take ar offstage, however throughout the play, the characters provide the audience through gory descriptions of the carnage, indigenous the opened scene where the captain defines Macbeth and Banquo wading in blood top top the battlefield, come the countless references to the bloodstained hands of Macbeth and also his wife. The action is bookended through a pair of bloody battles: in the first, Macbeth defeat the invaders; in the second, the is slain and beheaded through Macduff. In in between is a series of murders: Duncan, Duncan’s chamberlains, Banquo, Lady Macduff, and Macduff’s kid all involved bloody ends. Through the finish of the action, blood appears to it is in everywhere.

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Prophecy

Prophecy to adjust Macbeth’s plot in motion—namely, the witches’ prophecy the Macbeth will first become thane of Cawdor and then king. The weird sisters do a variety of other prophecies: they tell us that Banquo’s heirs will certainly be kings, that Macbeth have to beware Macduff, the Macbeth is safe till Birnam Wood pertains to Dunsinane, and also that no guy born of mrs can harm Macbeth. Conserve for the prophecy around Banquo’s heirs, every one of these predictions space fulfilled in ~ the course of the play. Still, that is left deliberately pass out whether some of them room self-fulfilling—for example, even if it is Macbeth wills self to it is in king or is fated to be king. Additionally, as the Birnam Wood and “born the woman” prophecies do clear, the prophecies have to be construed as riddles, due to the fact that they carry out not constantly mean what castle seem come mean.



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