DIRECTIONS for the inquiry 1- 4 : review the passage and also answer the question based on it.On respectable 3, 1492 , Christopher Columbus collection sail native Palos , Spain , with less than a hundred crew members to discover a new route to Asia. After spending a an overwhelming time at sea, the party sighted land beforehand the morning ofOctober 12, 1492. They collection foot on an island in the Bahamas i beg your pardon they named Al Salvador. Columbus presumed that the indigenous civilization were indigenous Indians together he to be under the mistaken belief that he had set foot top top Indian soil. Most likely some 10 million American Indians to be natives come the land prior to the large inhabitation through Europeans and subsequent annihilation of aboriginal Americans started.However, it took an ext than a century after Columbus found America for the europe to ultimately take the momentous decision to do the brand-new World your home.

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The native Americans actually welcomed the pale-skinned visitors primarily out that curiosity 보다 anything else. They were fascinated through the steel knives and also swords, fire spewing cannons, brass and also copper utensils, etc. That these visitors lugged with them. Eventually, social differences erupted. The natives could not stomach the arrogance that the newcomers and the scant respect they paid to nature. The europe settlers perceived every source — plants, animals, and people as something to be commercially exploited.The native Indians to be vastly outnumbered in the battles that ensued. The resistance they placed up never ever proved enough to avoid the europe settlers. The nomadic way of life of the Indians, the relatively unsophisticated weapons at your disposal, the unwillingness of few of their own world to protect themselves, and also the illness of the white males — all added to the virtual elimination of their race. Few of the diseases lugged by europeans from your overcrowded cities that decimated the natives were: small pox, plague, measles, cholera, typhoid, and also malaria. These deadly diseases, to which many natives had developed no resistance, devastated plenty of tribes between 1775 and also 1850.America was named after an Italian navigator, Amerigo Vespucci, who explored the northern parts of south America in 1499 and 1500 and later announced come the world about the exploration of a brand-new continent.
The major purpose the the passage is toDisprove the id that America was named after ColumbusProvide a snapshot of the discovery of America and also the at an early stage years the settlements.Explain how the Europeans removed the indigenous Americans in their own landDiscuss exactly how the process of colonization of America started. To tell around the american Indians.

Answer & Explanation


Answer : choice B.The main purpose of the i is to offer a quick account the the discovery of America and the beforehand years of settlement
From the passage we have the right to infer that in comparison to the Europeans, aboriginal Americans wereCareless about their atmosphere A very unhealthy lot an ext respectful of nature Ignorant about sanitationAfraid that outsiders

Answer & Explanation


Answer : option C.From the third paragraph, we can make out that lock were an ext respectful of nature.
What deserve to be inferred native the third paragraph?The aboriginal Americans did no have any type of weapons v which to protect themselves.The native Americans most likely attached a most importance to and respected nature.The indigenous Americans did not know just how to use herbal resources.The at an early stage settlers became arrogant as they could commercially exploit resources.The aboriginal Americans did not understand the arts of make utensils.

Answer & Explanation


Based on the details in the passage which of the adhering to cannot be inferred?Alien conditions wiped the end a large proportion of specific Native American tribesThe beforehand settlers completely eliminated the indigenous AmericansTo the early on settlers, even human being were resources to it is in exploited commercially Only IOnly III & IIOnly IIINone the these

Answer & Explanation


Answer : option B.In the fourth paragraph it is stated, "The nomadic lifestyle of the Indians, the relative………..all contributed to the digital elimination of your race." words 'virtual' method ‘almost yet not completely.' Hence, the native Americans to be not completely eliminated
DIRECTIONS because that the question: Read the passage and also answer the question based on it.It is thought that Shakespeare created The vendor of Venice between 1596 and also 1598. The classification of this play together a ‘comedy’ can stupefy many modern-day day youngsters that are used to a somewhat various meaning. Yet during Shakespeare’s times, a comedy was together poignant and melodramatic together a tragedy v separation, struggle, and also heightened tensions being the main theme. However, the finishing was constantly a happy one through at least the hero and heroine obtaining married, if no their friend too. Many world feel more comfortable v the hatchet ‘problem plays’ or ‘tragicomedies’ 보다 ‘comedies’ being provided for such plays.This play has tendency to stir increase a hornet’s nest and also ruffle feathers whenever the is discussed or staged. Together The vendor of Venice deserve to be regarded from various perspectives, it evokes number of reactions including excessive sympathy for the villain, the Jewish moneylender Shylock, and anger against the hero, his friend Bassanio, and Bassanio’s wife, Portia. Shakespeare has actually been accused that anti-Semitism due to the fact that of the contemptuous utterances the his hero who also calls the villain a ‘cur’, a derogatory indigenous that method ‘an wild mongrel dog.’Critics the this beat overlook the possibility that Shakespeare was simply commenting ~ above the social situation prevailing during his time. A dispassionate analysis — not possible by a casual reading of such classics — will reveal the superb portrayal of the deep anguish knowledgeable by the marginalized or ostracized sections of society. Sample this lines the Shylock that are bitingly rational as well as emotional.“Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions; fed v the same food, hurt through the exact same weapons, topic to the very same diseases, healed by the very same means……If you prick us, do we no bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh? If you toxicity us, perform we not die? and also if you wrong us shall we not revenge? .....The villainy you teach me, I will execute, and also it shall walk hard, yet I will far better the instruction.”These powerful words put by Shakespeare into the mouth of a man illustrated as a villain would not it is in so potent if this grasp dramatist had no deep-felt empathy for a character, who probably was much more wronged 보다 he wronged others. This sentences probably likewise explain the uncomfortable of us modernists as soon as such dramas room called‘comedies.’
From the passage, we can infer that the author isOf the opinion the Shakespeare had no deep-felt empathy for any of his charactersUncomfortable with the concept of heroes possessing negative traitsUncomfortable v the ax ‘comedy’ being supplied for plays prefer The seller of VeniceSupporting the movie critics who feel that the hero the The vendor of Venice is no a likeable character.Opposing Shakespeare’s idea of comedies.

Answer & Explanation


DIRECTION for the question: Answer the question based on the information given in the passage. The need for knowledge of the constitution and functions, in the concrete, of human nature is good just due to the fact that the teacher's attitude to subject matter is so different from that of the pupil. The teacher presents in actuality what the pupil represents just in posse. That is, the teacher currently knows the points which the student is only learning. Hence the difficulty of the two is radically unlike. When involved in the straight act of teaching, the instructor demands to have subject matter at his fingers' ends; his attention need to be top top the attitude and response of the pupil. To know the last in the interplay with subject issue is his task, while the pupil's mind, naturally, must be not on itself but on the topic in hand. Or come state the same allude in a somewhat various manner: the teacher must be occupied not v subject matter in itself yet in its communication with the pupils' existing needs and capacities. Hence basic scholarship is no enough.
It deserve to be inferred indigenous the i that:simple scholarship is lop-sided in that focussimple scholarship could overlook the topic matter and also focus completely on the studentsimple scholarship, v a narrow focus, might not location enough focus on the student’s needssimple scholarship will constantly be lopsided in nature since of that ambiguous stand on problems

Answer & Explanation


Answer : alternative C.In the given question, the answer deserve to be inferred from the lines: Or come state the same point in a somewhat various manner: the teacher should be occupied not through subject issue in itself yet in its communication with the pupils' present needs and capacities.Hence basic scholarship is not enough.This leads us to choice 3. Option 2 reverses the actually given fact, alternative 1 is insufficient and option 4 is not pertained to the provided paragraph.
DIRECTION because that the question: prize the question based on the information given in the passage.A gift whose tasks are linked with others has a society environment. What that does and also what he have the right to do count upon the expectations, demands, approvals, and condemnations the others. A being linked with other beings cannot execute his own activities without taking the tasks of others into account. Because that they are the indispensable conditions of the realization of his tendencies. As soon as he move he stirs them and reciprocally. We can as well try to imagine a organization man law business, buying and selling, all by himself, regarding conceive it feasible to specify the activities of an individual in terms of his secluded actions. The manufacturer additionally is together truly socially guided in his tasks when the is laying to plan in the privacy the his own counting residence as as soon as he is purchase his raw product or marketing his perfect goods. Thinking and feeling that have to do with activity in association v others is as lot a social mode of behavior as is the most overt participating or hostile act.
It have the right to be inferred native the i that:In our social world, one’s thinking, feelings and actions cannot stand in isolation to actions of othersIn our social world, thinking, feelings and also actions the an individual are propelled by motivations and thoughts of othersIn our social world, thinking, feelings and also actions the a human being cannot stand in isolation to those of othersIn our social world, thinking, feelings and actions of a solitary person are juxtaposed retrospectively to those that others

Answer & Explanation


Answer : choice C.The paragraph has actually one an easy outcome: in a social environment, an individual cannot act, think or feel without considering others. This straightforward fact is depicted by alternative 3. Choice 4 commits the mistake of using the word retrospectively (In a manner contemplative of previous events). Option 1 commits the mistake of just quoting the actions of others, and option 2 bring in ‘motivations’, something i m sorry is not discussed in the paragraph.
DIRECTION for the question: Answer the question based on the information given in the passage.An boost in the level of serotonin level in the human body is known to significantly enhance the the atmosphere of the person and in part cases, aid people conquer depression. Serotonin taken orally does no pass right into the pathways that the central nervous system, due to the fact that it does not cross the blood–brain barrier. However, tryptophan and its metabolite 5-hydroxytryptophan (5- HTP), native which serotonin is synthesized, does overcome the blood–brain barrier. These agents are available as diet supplements, and also may be efficient serotonergic agents.
Which the the complying with can be effectively inferred indigenous the explanation above?Individuals who execute not consume sufficient tryptophan can construct depressive tendenciesIndividuals that consume tryptophan can metabolize enough serotonin and do not run the danger of depressionConsumption that serotonin laced foods items can help cure depression in some casesTryptophan is an effective agent that can assist cure depression in some cases

Answer & Explanation


Answer : option D.In the provided case, option 4 is the just valid inference. We recognize tryptophan helps develop serotonin, which consequently helps cure depression in part cases. This connection is emphasize by choice 4.Option 1 is something us cannot conclude. We room not sure whether no consuming tryptophan causes depression. Choice 2 is again ruled out as the i does not state that developing enough serotonin precludes depression.Option 3 is incorrect as serotonin is not directly metabolized in the body and also this way that having foods containing serotonin can not be synthesized by the body directly.
DIRECTION for the question: The question has actually a text part followed by four alternative summaries. Choose the alternative that best captures the essence of the text.An boost in the median earnings of the middle course does not reason average levels of education and learning for the middle course to walk up. If castle did, then nations with the highest possible median revenue of the middle class would likewise have the greatest levels of education and learning for this class. In fact, when the median income of the middle class is do suitably comparable for different nations (accounting for inflation, currency fluctuations and purchasing power parity), over there is no together co-relation.
Which the the following can be correctly inferred native the explanation above?Countries v the greatest median income of the middle class do not have the highest possible levels of education for the center classIt is an overwhelming to reliably compare the education and income level of one nation with anotherA palliation in the median earnings of the middle course of the country will no necessarily reduced the typical level of education for the claimed classCountries with low levels of education and learning for the middle class have comparatively greater levels of median income for the middle class

Answer & Explanation


Answer : alternative C.In this case, we room told that there is no dependable relationship in between the typical income and average level of education and learning for the middle class and also the increase/decrease in revenue levels does not have actually an affect on education levels. This sentiment is highlighted by option 3.Options 1 and 4 have the right to be ruled out together no direct co-relation can be found in between the average income and average level of education and learning for the center class. This two options in reality give a details extreme co-relation.Option 2 is irregularity in the given instance (goes versus the given facts, figures for comparison have been derived in fact).
DIRECTIONS because that the inquiry : check out the passage and also answer the question based on it.The indiscriminate use of advanced an innovation from the north in arising nations was questioned at a seminar in Madrid that attracted engineers and representatives of roughly 50 non- government organisations indigenous a variety of countries to the funding of Spain this week. Technology does no play a neutral role when it come to advance processes.Technology, no matter where the is applied, can only be understood and valued in relation to the social team that creates or supplies it, due to the fact that ''every design of society and development conceives of and uses a different kind the technology,'' claimed Sánchez Jacob. The recalled the in the mid-20th century, the idea was that bad countries could obtain the development accomplished by the phibìc by illustration investment and also industrialisation. However, ''it did not take lengthy for that theory to it is in refuted, and many 3rd World nations have not followed the very same evolutionary pattern together those of the North, however have pertained to a standstill instead,'' that added. Sánchez Jacob detailed that ''Globalization and growth room often achieved at the cost of the environment, and also without elevating the standard of living of the bulk of the population.'' Today, the concept of appropriate modern technology - that which is best suited come the economic, society and social characteristics of emerging countries - is farming in strength, he said. He underlined, however, that it was not just a question of designing and also providing the ideal technologies come excluded communities, however of calling attention to those innovations which hurt human being development, by editing the eco-friendly equilibrium, for instance. As well as the impact of technology, the seminar discussed the require for a ''social focus'' to make it possible to combine ''backwards'' sectors right into the sector economy.Daniel Rodríguez, the manager that the Agro-processing Programme in Peru, said the breakthrough of little and medium farms would not only depend top top technology, but largely on farmers' expertise of the demand and also requirements that the market.However, ''one that the biggest difficulties of appropriate modern technology is, undoubtedly, comes up with sustainable instrument of technical assistance, training, information and financing,'' the added. Valentín Villarroel, with designers without Borders, listed that telecommunications framework in Latin America was characterised by short quality and costs that were oftenunaffordable for family budgets. Tools is old and outdated, particularly in the field of informatics, and ''opting for brand-new technology implies high costs and the hazard of coming to be obsolete in a an extremely short time,'' he explained. Villarroel stressed the require to broaden infrastructure come facilitate access to telecommunication networks, offer priority to community activity over individual needs, adapt an innovation to regional necessities, and also prevent telecommunications and also the internet from being concentrated in a couple of hands
Which amongst the following cannot be inferred around Globalization?Globalization bring different societies closer.Globalization helps in promoting trade amongst countriesGlobalization leader to share of resourcesGlobalization leads to Equitable growth

Answer & Explanation


Answer : choice D.Nothing is mentioned clearly about the first three options. Refer to the eighth heat of second paragraph ''Globalization and growth room often accomplished at the price of the environment, and without elevating the standard of living of the majority of the population.” this way that the cannot provide equitable growth. Hence option 4 cannot be inferred.
DIRECTIONS for the inquiry : read the passage and answer the question based on it.During our college days there to be a typical teaser we provided to talk about “what is there that comes in our lives and also never go back, and also what is that which goes and also never come back?” The prize was known to practically everybody but still someone will raise his or her hand and answer the riddle as if the price was well-known to him/her only, and the answer was: "It’s old period that comes and never goes ago and it’s the innocent childhood the goes and never come back”. However this riddle gained lost what in the battle of life.The struggle for “bread and also butter” is so cruel the the age and also innocence that childhood have actually no definition for it yet still there space imprudent males who laugh in ~ the time and say “we will never enable the boy within us taken away by the kidnappers of time" and also such people constantly enjoy the company of that child within.I vividly psychic the days when my father offered to have a strange type of joy on his face seeing thick black color clouds, and also as quickly as rain started, he would run external the house like a boy (he was 58 at that time) and also jump and sometime roll under on ground enjoying the freshly made rainwater pond, singing a track of his choice.We offered to gain surprised in ~ his child-like act and would ask him repeatedly to come back inside else he would record cold or fever yet he would constantly say, "Beta just andar jo bachcha hai voh mujhe kehta hai mein abhi mara nahin hoon, chalo barish mein nahate hain, and I cannot protect against my feet to continue to be within the 4 walls."Today my father is no much more with us but whenever over there is torrential rain and my own kids enjoy the rain as papa offered to do, I constantly feel his visibility around, whispering into my ears, if you want to live a pleasant and also long life, never let the kid within you die.Nature has provided us so plenty of gifts to enjoy and rain is one of them but most the us ignore the joys coming in ours way, falling prey to the tired day-to-day life. However I never ever forget to pay a tribute come my father and constantly become a kid with my kids whenever they enjoy rain. Just a hot cup of coffee bring me back to my adulthood after ~ the rain and keeps my dad alive, the child alive.
What perform you infer out of the passage?There is a kid within every one of us with whom one need to not lose the call in stimulate to enjoy the life come the fullest.One must behave in a childish path to overcome stress in life.Rain is the only natural bestowal that allows you enjoy the bliss and also charm the life.The battle for livelihood is ending up being so devilish by the day the one tends to lose on the an individual time.

Answer & Explanation


Answer : option A.Option 1 appears to be correct together the writer in the passage largely deals with developing the contact with the kid within. Options second and 3rd are digressing indigenous the central conception. Choice 4rth is explicitly mentioned in the passage itself.
DIRECTIONS for the question : check out the passage and answer the question based upon it.Health is wealth. In the life of a human being being health occupies critical place. Conservation of wellness should be the primary duty the mankind. Health is man's typical condition, his bear right. It is the result of life in accordance v the organic laws, pertaining come the body, mind and also environment. A healthy setting facilities great health but it is the unhealthy environment as result of over population, extreme industrialization, air and also water pollution etc. The is threatening the life with countless dreadful diseases. In the contemporary India many human being have to be gripped by the clutch of disease like cancer, diabetes, hypertension, AIDS etc. Although human being of old India were claimed to be fairly healthy. In ~ present human being are experiencing from various psychological disorders also because they are racing thoughtlessly towards fame and also having only one aim in life that is to attain the large status in society. There is no ar of human endeavor that has been so misunderstood as health. While wellness which connotes well being and also the lack of condition has a short profile, it is disease representing the fail of health and wellness which basically monopolizes attention because of the are afraid of pain, disability and also death. This offers the clinical practitioner strength over the patients which have the right to be misused. Till recently, patients had implicit belief in their physician whom they loved and respected, not only for his expertise but additionally in the total id that practitioners that this noble profession, guided through ethics, always placed the patient’s interest over all various other considerations. Our aboriginal system of medication like Ayurveda and also yoga have been more concerned through the promotion of health. Healthy and balanced practices choose cleanliness, appropriate diet, exercise and also meditation are part of culture which sustains civilization even in the prevailing conditions of poverty in landscape India and in unhygienic city slums. These solution consider condition as one aberration result from disturbance of the equilibrium of health, which need to be repair by gentle reconstruction of this balance through appropriate diet, medicines and the facility of mental peace. They additionally teach the graceful acceptance of old age with the infirmities result from degenerative procedure as well together of fatality which is inevitable. This is in marked contrast come the western principle of life as a struggle versus disease, aging and death which must be fought and conquered with the knowledge and modern technology derived from your science: a scientific research which, v its narrow dissecting and qualifying approach, has provided us the knowledge of the microbial causes of communicable diseases and provided highly effective technology for their prevention, treatment and control.
Which the the following can it is in inferred around the place of the writer in writing the passage?A. An essential and target assessment of the present situation.B. Passionate support of western mechanism in existing context.C. Prominence of ancient Indian mechanism in today’s world.Only AOnly BBoth A and CBoth B and also C

Answer & Explanation


Answer : alternative A.The writer is assessing the existing scenario . So, A is true.Statement B is nowhere given. And author is likewise not talking about the superiority that India over others. Thus only alternative A is correct.
DIRECTIONS because that the question: read the passage and also answer the question based on it.A wide variety of water conflicts show up throughout history, though rarely are timeless wars waged end water alone. Instead, water has actually historically been a resource of tension and also a variable in conflicts that begin for various other reasons. However, water disputes arise for numerous reasons, consisting of territorial disputes, a fight because that resources, and also strategic advantage.Water problems in India have penetrated every level. It has divided every segment of our society, political parties, states, regions and also sub-regions in ~ states, districts, castes and also groups and individual farmers. Water disputes within and between many arising countries space taking a significant turn. Fortunately, the “water wars”, forecast by so many, have not yet materialized. War has taken place, but over oil, no water. Water is radically altering and affecting political limits all over the world, between as well as within countries. In India, water disputes are most likely to worsen prior to they start to it is in resolved. Until then lock pose a far-ranging threat to economic growth, security and also health the the ecosystem and the victims are likely to it is in the poorest the the poor as well as the really sources of water-rivers, wetlands and also aquifers.Conflicts could have negative connotations, however they space logical developments in the lack of appropriate democratic, legal and administrative mechanisms to handle problems at the source of water conflicts. Part of the problem stems native the certain nature of water, namely the water is divisible and amenable to sharing; one unit of water by one is a unit refuse to others; it has multiple uses and also users and involves resultant trade-offs. Excludability is an innate problem and an extremely often exemption costs associated are very high: it involves the concern of graded scales and boundaries and also need for evolving a corresponding understanding around them. Finally, the means water is planned, used and managed causes externalities, both positive and negative, and many that them are unidirectional and asymmetric.There is a fairly greater visibility and a higher body of endure in evolving policies, frameworks, legit set-ups and administrative mechanisms handling immobile herbal resources, however, contested the space may be.Reformists and revolutionary motions are rooted in issues related to land. Several political and also legal interventions addressing the worry of equity and also societal justice have been attempted. Most nations have gone with land revolutionary of one type or another. Issues related to woodlands have additionally generated a body of comprehensive literature on forest resources and also right. Though disputes over them have actually not necessarily been properly or adequately resolved, they have received much more serious attention, have been learned in their own right and practical and theoretical method of taking care of them have actually been sought. In contrast, water problems have not received the same kind that attention.
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Which of the following can be inferred around water conflicts?Water administration techniques prefer dams, linking rivers etc have an adverse consequencesThere is no genuine solution to water problems Despite receiving lot attention water conflicts remain unresolvedWater conflicts threaten the livelihood the those who depend on water sources

Answer & Explanation


Answer : option A.We gain this price after reading the present “Finally the method water………. Asymmetric.”Third choice cannot be an inference as it is given in the last heat of the passage. Alternative 4 is not stated in the passage.
DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the following passage carefully and also answer the question based on what is written/ comprise therein.In the early days of internet marketing, digital advertisers employed banner and pop-up ads to lure customers. These techniques reached big audiences, generated countless sales leads, and also came at a short cost. However, a small variety of Internet users began to consider these proclaiming techniques intrusive and also annoying. Yet due to the fact that marketing tactics relying heavily on banners and pop-ups produced results, carriers invested growing amounts of money right into purchasing this ad types in really hopes of capturing market re-publishing in the burgeoning digital economy. As consumer became more sophisticated, frustration with these online declaring techniques grew. Live independence programmers began to build tools that blocked banner and pop-up ads. The popularity of these devices exploded as soon as the find engine Google, at the time an increasingly popular website fighting to solidify its place on the web with giants Microsoft and Yahoo, offered cost-free software allowing users to block pop-up ads. The backlash against banner ads thrived as new web browsers detailed users the capability to block image-based ads such together banner ads. Return banner and pop-up ads tho exist, lock are much less influential than throughout the early on days of the Internet.A major development in digital marketing came with the arrival of pay-per-click ads. Unequal banner or pop-up ads, which originally forced companies to pay every time a website visitor saw an ad, pay-per-click ads permitted companies to pay only when an interested potential client clicked on one ad. Much more importantly, however, this ads circumvented the pop-up and also banner blockers. As a result of these benefits and the incredible expansion in the use of find engines, which administer excellent venues for pay-per-click advertising, carriers began transforming to pay-per-click marketing in droves. However, as with the banner and also pop-up ads that preceded them, pay-per-click ads came through their drawbacks. As soon as companies began pouring billions that dollars right into this arising medium, online heralding specialists started to notification the existence of what would later on be dubbed click fraud: representatives of a agency with no attention in the product advertised by a competitor click the competitor's ads just to rise the marketing expense of the competitor. Click fraud flourished so rapidly that marketers sought come diversify their digital positions far from pay- per-click marketing through new mediums. Return pay-per-click heralding remains a common and also effective advertising tool, marketers adapted yet again come the changing dynamics the the internet by adopting brand-new techniques such as pay-per-performance advertising, find engine optimization, and affiliate marketing. Together the speed of the Internet's advancement increases, it seems all the much more likely that advertising properly on the net will need a strategy that shuns constancy and embraces change.

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Which statement you have the right to infer native the paragraphIn bespeak to tempt customers virtual advertisers employed banner and also pop-up adsMarketing executives in television job-related with a relatively stable proclaiming medium.Once human being get frustrated v the too much online marketing they will build the means to remove their frustration.A major development in virtual marketing came v the introduction of pay-per-click ads.

Answer & Explanation