Grades: K-2 Length: 60 Minutes


Each student will make his/her own mini-garden and also will watch the expansion and advancement of radishes. To aid students learn about requirements because that plant growth, the teacher will certainly make four experimental gardens and also place lock in different locations with different conditions.

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This task is from the Living Things and also Their needs Teacher"s Guide. Although the is most ideal for use through students in qualities K-2, the class is easily adaptable for other grade levels. The guide additionally is easily accessible in publish format.

Teacher Background

Almost all life on earth depends on power from the sun. Eco-friendly plants and other organisms, such as birds (seaweeds) and some bacteria, room able come trap and also store power from the sunlight through a procedure called photosynthesis. The green color of plants and also algae is resulted in by chlorophyll, a eco-friendly pigment that is mainly responsible because that the “light-trapping” part of the process. Sugar is the initial product of photosynthesis. In fact, more than 150 million lots of sugar are developed by the plants on planet each year! plants use some of this sugar to carry out energy for life. They additionally use it together raw material to make starches, i beg your pardon are long molecules that have the right to store power until it is needed.

Plants require light energy, water and also carbon dioxide indigenous air for photosynthesis. Castle need extr chemicals, referred to as nutrients, come manufacture the many other molecules crucial for life. Nutrients have to be liquified in water prior to they have the right to be absorbed. Aquatic plants and also algae deserve to take the nutrients they need from the water roughly them. Land tree absorb liquified nutrients from water in soil with their roots. Three of the most essential plant nutrients—nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous—are typical ingredients in most lawn fertilizers.

Plants cannot walk from ar to place trying to find resources. However, lock are qualified of part kinds the movement. Because that example, flower open and also close, tribe bend toward light, and also leaves and also flowers follow the movement of the sun.

Plants and also other photosynthetic biology are referred to as producers. Other organisms, such together animals and also fungi (mushrooms, molds and their relatives), count on foods items consisting of the sugars, starches and also other molecules “produced” by plants.

Objectives and Standards


Plants have basic needs.

Plants require sunlight, water, air and also nutrients indigenous soil.

Plants deserve to survive and also grow only once all their needs are met.

Science Skills





Recording data

Interpreting data



Mathematics Skills



Identifying patterns




Language art Skills



Identifying words

Developing vocabulary

Understanding indigenous meanings

Developing comprehension skills


Using descriptive language

Following directions

Materials and also Setup

Teacher products (see Setup)

20 cups of potting floor (approx. 3 lbs)

4 resealable plastic bags, 12 in. X 15 in. (gallon-sized)

4 plastic plates, 10 and also 1/4 in. Diameter

Fresh radish

Package the radish seed (approx. 500 seeds, see Setup)

Paper towels

Permanent marker

Plastic knife

Plastic teaspoon

Materials per team of Students

4 peat pots, 3 in. (prepared,)

Clear plastic cup, 9 oz (prepared)

Fresh radish

Plastic knife

Plastic teaspoon

Plastic tray

Spray bottle (water mister)

Materials every Student

Hand lens

Paper towel

Plastic teaspoon

Copy the “My own Radish Garden” and also “My scientific research Journal” student sheets


Part 1 requires at the very least three weeks come complete. Part 2 needs one to 2 weeks come complete, depending upon how conveniently the radish seed sprout. To save time, you may want to begin component 2 quickly after setup up student mini-gardens in component 1.

For component 1. Location materials because that each team on trays in a main location. In advance, to fill each peat pot two-thirds full of soil for students. Tiny disposable cups, with a hole punched through the bottom, have the right to be substituted for peat pots (prepare together above). Also, place around 40 radish seeds in every of 6 cups (at least 6–10 seed per student in every group).

For part 2. Assemble provides for the teacher-led activity: four tiny plastic plates, document towels, plastic spoon, radish seeds, water mister, and also four gallon-sized resealable plastic bags that room labeled “Garden 1,” “Garden 2,” “Garden 3” and “Garden 4.”

Procedure and also Extensions

Part 1. Create individual radish gardens

Ask students, Are plants life or nonliving? exactly how do we know? (Plants room living since they grow, have actually offspring, use resources, have actually a life cycle). Are seed plants? Help students know that seeds space living parts of plants and that seed contain every the crucial materials to begin a new plant under the appropriate conditions. Ask, What perform you think plants must grow? Record responses top top a classroom chart. Because that younger students, you may need to use drawings or pictures to indicate needs (sunlight, water, nutrients, air, space).

Introduce the radish planting task by stating radishes through the students. Ask, What execute you know around radishes? (plant, red, small, vegetable, etc.). Show the class a radish and give each group of students a radish and also a couple of radish seeds. Have students reduced their radishes apart. You may wish to reduced radishes because that younger students. Have them observe the radish and seeds v their hand lenses.

Distribute the college student sheets. Describe that every student will certainly plant his or her own radish seeds and watch them flourish over the next couple of weeks. Using a spoon, show how to tree radish seeds just under the floor in a peat pot, and how come mist the floor lightly.

Label the pots with each student’s name. Provide each college student his or her own peat pot.

Give each group of college student a cup the radish seeds and a plastic spoon. Have each college student plant around 6-10 seed in his or her own pot.

Have students ar their pots in a sunny ar or under a flourish light. Students should wash their hands once the planting is completed.

Each day, asking students to observe their radishes. Have actually them document the radishes’ expansion by creating or illustration on their “My very own Radish Garden” student sheets at the very least once every week. Once the soil in the cup is dry to the touch, students need to mist that lightly. You also may desire students to measure the transforms in plant height, making use of a document clip chain or significant straws, every 2–3 days. They likewise may create graphs to document the growth of their plants.

After the radishes have emerged (approximately 3–4 weeks), enable students to remove them indigenous the pots. Have actually students to wash the radishes thoroughly. They have to use descriptive language to record their observations around their radishes. Suggest out come students that the edible portion of the radish plant in reality is component of the root system. Older students might want to measure the circumference (distance around) or size of their radishes.

Part 2. Investigating demands of plants

Ask students, What would occur to the radishes if one or an ext needs for plant growth were left out? (e.g., no water, no sunshine or no soil). ~ students respond, point out that your suggestions will certainly be used to create four speculative radish gardens.

Explain come students the they will certainly observe, over the following week or so, the development of radish gardens that have four various sets of growing conditions. Start assembling Garden 1 (control) and also explain the procedures you space taking together you assemble it.

Fold a file towel in half and location it on a plastic plate.

Sprinkle 2 heaping teaspoons that potting soil across the optimal of the file towel.

Sprinkle around 10–20 radish seeds onto the soil.

Lightly spray the soil surface ar with the water mister so that it is moist, however not soaking wet.

Carefully slide the plastic plate right into a gallon-sized resealable plastic bag the is labeling “Garden 1.” Seal the bag.

Place Garden 1 in a sunny spot.

Ask students, walk this radish garden administer everything that the seeds will should grow? Make certain that students identify soil, water and also sunlight as being present. Air additionally is existing inside the bag.

Include students in the ready of the other gardens, every of which will be absent one necessity for healthy seed germination (sunlight, water or soil). Watch Garden therapies chart to the left.

Place Garden 2 (same as Garden 1) in a dark place.

Place Garden 3 (no water) in a sunny spot or under a growlight.

Place Garden 4 (no soil) in a sunny location or under a growlight.

Part 3. Observing experimental gardents

Each day, have actually students check the gardens to make sure that the towel or soil is moist (Gardens 1, 2 and also 4 only). Allow assigned students to mist the gardens with water as soon as necessary. If bags become clouded with condensation, leaving them partially open to allow the excess humidity to evaporate.Note. Bags the are allowed to stay too damp most likely will develop a expansion of mold. If mold appears, seal the bags and do no reopen.

Students must observe the gardens day-to-day or every other day and record their monitorings on their science journal student sheets. The observations additionally can be recorded throughout the mainly on a course chart (see "Garden Observations" chart, PDF).

At the finish of one or 2 weeks, together a finishing activity, ask the class, What distinctions have girlfriend observed around the seeds (sprouts) in the experimental gardens? Prompt student to an alert that the seeds through sunlight (Garden 1) emerged green leaves and also are cultivation normally; the seeds in the dark (Garden 2) germinated, yet did not turn green or construct normally; the seeds without water (Garden 3) did no germinate; and that the seed without floor (Garden 4) did not grow really much.

Guide student toward knowledge that seeds need water come germinate, yet that they also need nutrient (in soil) and also sunlight to grow and develop. You may want to point out the air, likewise needed by plants, was existing in every one of the bags.


Make radish roses, emboldened or a salad through radishes come share with the class.

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Bring other examples of vegetables to course for students to identify and examine.