Presentation ~ above theme: "TENSE - the time OF THE action INDICATED through A VERB Verb Tenses."— Presentation transcript:




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1 tense - the time OF THE action INDICATED by A VERB Verb time form

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2 6 species Verb tenses PresentPastFuture present Perfect previous Perfect Future Perfect

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3 current Tense The current tense expresses something that is happening now (in the present). It can additionally express an action which wake up always, repeatedly, or habitually. Examples: he sees the train. That eats grain for breakfast every day.

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4 past Tense The past tense expresses the something has already happened. The action was completed at a definite time in the past. Examples: He wrote the letter yesterday. She lived to be 90 year old.

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5 Future tense Future it is too dirty expresses the something is going come happen. It offers the helping verbs will certainly or shall* to add the existing tense kind of the verb. Examples: He will certainly send the letter tomorrow. Ns shall wait below until girlfriend return. * Traditionally, candlestick is used for 1 st person and also will for 2 nd and also 3 rd persons.

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6 Principal components All the tense of a verb come native four basic forms. These simple forms space the principal parts of the verb. Verb: existing Tense existing Participle past Tense past Participle (To) speak to call, call (is) calling referred to as (have) called (To) dust dust, dusts (is) dusting dusted (have) dusted

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7 Principal parts The current participle and also the past participle are constantly used with a help verb. Principal parts are not thought about tenses. Castle are just the building blocks we usage to kind the different tenses. Verb: existing Tense current Participle previous Tense previous Participle (To) contact call, phone call (is) calling dubbed (have) dubbed (To) dust dust, dusts (is) dusting dusted (have) dusted

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8 present Perfect Tense existing perfect it s too dirty expresses activity that took ar at an unknown time in the past. The action may still it is in going on. This tense uses the helping verb has or have plus the past participle of the verb. Examples:  He has written a letter to his uncle. (undefined time in the past)  The Waltons have actually lived right here for 7 years. (still going on)

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9 previous Perfect Tense previous perfect tense expresses an action in the past that to be completed prior to another action took place. It uses the helping verb had actually plus the previous participle that the verb. Example: She had written the letter prior to I experienced her.

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10 Future Perfect it is too dirty Future perfect it s too dirty expresses action which will be completed before another activity in the future. It provides the helping verb will have or shall have plus the previous participle that the verb.

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Example: that will have finished the document before following Friday.

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