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Land Features

Continent - Large constant area of soil on the earths surface normally surrounded by water.

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Island - body of land smaller sized than a continent that is surrounding by water. (Greenland is the largest island).

Isthmus - Narrow section of soil connecting two larger land areas, surrounding on 2 sides through water.

Peninsula - expansion of land surrounded on three sides by water.

Mountain Range - consistent chain or series of mountains.

Plain - Large, low, flat region of land.

Plateau - large area the is high and reasonably flat.

Butte - isolated hill v steep sides, smaller than a plateau. Frequently found in the southwestern united States.

Mesa - similar to a plateau, but smaller in size: flat on top, cliffs top top the sides.

Valley - short area of soil lying in between hills that mountains.

Ice Cap - big area the ice number of thousand feet thick extending either land or water.

Water Features

Ocean - big body that salt water normally bounded by continent land masses.

Sea - body of water smaller sized than an ocean lying in ~ a continent or island group.

Gulf - large area of water partly surrounded through land.

Channel - narrow body the water lying between two locations of land.

Bay - tiny area the water surrounding by floor on 3 sides and penetrating right into the land.

Lake - smaller sized body of fresh water surrounding by land.

Strait - similar to channel.

Submarine Features

Basin - huge circular depression ~ above the ocean floor, normally 10,000 to 20,000 feet listed below sea level.

Ridge - Submerged mountain chain. The largest are the mid ocean ridges which sign up with together to type a function 40,000 miles long.

Rift - Sometimes uncovered on the stakes of a Ridge.

Rise - A big elongated key lake a ridge but having much less steep slopes.

Trench - Long and narrow V-shaped depressions often uncovered near a contnent or top top the external of island arcs.

Fracture Zone - zones of irregular topography hundreds of miles long and about 100 mile wide, i beg your pardon separate large regions the the s floor having different depths or species of topography.

Continental Shelf - Shallow marine terrace bordering the continents. The shelf deepens gradually to a depth of 600 feet about 50 mile from shore where a sudden increase in slope angle marks the optimal of the continent Slope.

Continental Slope - steep from the outer edge of the continent Shelf come the ocean basin.

Submarine Canyon - Steep-sided gorge cut into the continental Slope and Shelf thought to be reduced by underwater flows of sediment called Turbidity Currents.

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Seamount - Submerged mountain, typically of volcanic origin, having actually at least 500 fathoms (3000 feet) of relief. Part seamounts, referred to as guyots, have level tops. They room submerged volcanic archipelago which had their tops smoothed by surf and also erosion while they were above the surface.