You are watching: How long does a pine tree live
Pine trees have the right to live in between 50 and 450 years. Your life expectancy varies relying on the type of pine lock are and also where they room growing: if the soil is appropriate for them, if they’re in a polluted area, etc.Eastern white pine: 100-200 yearsGolden jaw tree: 60-90 yearsItalian pine tree: 50 -100 yearsNorfolk island pine tree tree: 150 yearsLodgepole pine: approximately 400 yearsTree mugo jaw tree: 50 yearsScotch pine: 150-300 years
Below I’ve gathered info on the an ext popular types of pine trees, consisting of their life span and the form of atmosphere they must thrive.
Eastern White pine tree (Pinus strobus)
The east White pine is aboriginal to east North America, despite it commonly occurs in Kentucky. This form of jaw grows finest in fertile, moist, slightly acidic, and also well-drained floor with full sun. In the wild, the east white pine can exceed 150 feet in height and can have a spread out of 20 to 40 feet. That reaches maturity at roughly 20 years, and also it’s life expectations varies. It have the right to live as lengthy as 450 years however has an median life span of 200 years. In metropolitan environments, its longevity is limited, however it can still live over 100 years.
Golden pine (Pinus virginiana “Wate’s Golden” )
The gold Pine Tree, better knows together Wate’s golden is a sport of the Virginian pine. It’s native to the foothills that the Appalachian Mountains and can reach between 15 and 30 feet in height, through a spread of 20 feet. The can thrive in virtually any kind of soil type, as long as the soil is well-draining. The gold pine is slow-growing and also can live 60 to 90 years.
Italian rock Pine (Pinus pinea “Umbrella Pine”)
The Italian stone pine tree can grow in between 40 and 80 feet, will maturity after ~ 20 to 30 years, and also grows ideal in drier regions, favor western America and the Mediterranean. The thrives in California because of that weather conditions and also can flourish up come 15 feet in its very first five years. This pine demands well-drained soil and also does well in both acidic soil and also soil the is slightly alkaline.
In city areas, since of high winds, pollution, and pavement restrictions to your expansive roots, the Italian stone pine deserve to live as small as 50yrs. However, in the wild or with careful pruning and care, it can live in between 50 and 150yrs.
Norfolk Island pine tree (Araucaria heterophylla)
The Norfolk Island pine, additionally known together the Norfolk pine, is aboriginal to both the Norfolk Islands and also Australia. In its aboriginal habitat, the can conveniently grow approximately 200 feet in height, and also its cones have the potential come reach as much as 15 pounds. Once grown indoors, this pine have the right to reach in between 5 and also 6 feet in height.
The Norfolk Island pine can grow outside in the US, but only in the semi-tropics of Florida, together it can only really flourish in humid environments. That can prosper in clay, loam, and sand, and both acidic and alkaline soil that’s well-drained, and can live approximately 150 years.
If you’re reasoning of cultivation a Norfolk Island pine tree indoors, check out our post that offers wonderful urn options to pot the in.
Lodgepole pine tree (Pinus contorta)
The Lodgepole pine grows throughout the west to the Pacific Ocean, together north together Yukon, Canada, as southern as Baja, California, and east to the black color Hills of southern Dakota. It grows quickly and also can prosper to be together tall together 156 feet. This particular pine has a wide range of environmental tolerance, native cold, wet winter to warm, dried summers.
This pine deserve to tolerate a range of soils yet grows best in moist soils derived from granite, shale, and also coarse-grained lavas. The Lodgepole pine has actually a lengthy life span and can live as long as 400 years.
Mugo pine (Pinus mugo)
The Mugo pine tree is a pine that is aboriginal to southwestern, southeast, and central Europe, and it have the right to live approximately 50 year if well taken treatment of. They prosper slowly, with much less than a 12-inch elevation increase every year, and also can reach up to 20 feet, v a spread of approximately 5 feet at full maturity. The Mugo jaw is dryness tolerant and also can prosper in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, and moist soils, making it one of the many versatile pine tree trees the end there.
There are also dwarf sport of the Mugo pine, which deserve to grow between 3 come 5 feet in height. Together a dwarf variation, it might not live the same size of time as other variations, yet it’ll still give plenty of good years. If you’re thinking of adding a dwarf Mugo pine come your house or garden, our post around corner gardens is a wonderful one to look at because that inspiration.
Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris)
The Scotch pine has a life expectations of 150 come 300 years, and it is indigenous to northern Europe and northern Asia, from Scotland come Siberia. This kind of jaw is typically found in Ohio and is one of America’s most renowned Christmas trees.
It have the right to grow in between 25 and 50 feet in height, through a spread out of 20 come 35 feet, and can grow in both moist and also dry soils. Due to the fact that the pine has such a lengthy life span, it grows pretty slowly, therefore patience is required.
Now that we’ve looked at the life span of well-known pine trees, below are two other usual questions around pine trees.
How execute Pine Trees to compare to various other Trees in Lifespan?
Pine tree varieties tend come live an ext than usual trees. Many trees how amazing don’t live the long; fruit trees just live about 75 years, and also most cherry flower trees just average about 20 come 30 years, and also this deserve to be since of the setting they live in and also the elements within the environment.
However, some trees have similar, or even longer, life spans than pine trees. The Live Oak tree can thrive to be monstrous, and also its average life expectations is 300 years. The White Oak is even more impressive, with an mean life expectancy of as much as 600 years, a elevation of 100 feet, and also a crown spread that deserve to reach approximately 80 feet!
Again, life expectancy for every these trees varies as result of environmental factors, such as climate, fires, pollution, and also drought.
What walk a pine Tree have to Survive?
There space a few things that pine trees should survive, though these requirements are not essential for every pines. Below is part detail about what these pines need.
As v all plants, pine tree trees require water, carbon dioxide, and also sunlight to survive, as this is what they have to perform photosynthesis. Sunshine is the most vital of the three, together young trees need a lot of sunlight to grow. Young pines will certainly not be often found deep in ~ a forest, or in shaded areas.
As proclaimed previously in the post, most varieties of jaw trees need soil that is well-drained and, for the many part, dry. A few species of pine, like the Lodgepole, can grow in areas that often tend to be moist, however this is no the case for the majority of the jaw family. The type of soil the pine tree can grow in, choose acidic, alkaline, loamy, and also sandy, deserve to vary, however for the most part, pines can thrive in any type of of them.
Pine trees develop male and also female cones, and also they usually require other tree to cross-pollinate. Because that this, pine trees are very reliant top top the wind come distribute your pollen. Additionally, the wind can carry pollen because that miles to other places and also trees that might need pollination.
As strange as it might seem, some types of pine tree trees are dependent on forest fires because that survival! Some types of pine, prefer the key pine and the southern Longleaf pine, develop thick bark at an early stage in their lives. Throughout a woodland fire, this pines will survive, while various other trees that are completing for an important nutrients and also water will not.
Not just do part pines build thick bark, however others have actually serotinous cones, which means that the cones naturally stay closeup of the door by resin until there is an environmental trigger or until sufficient time has passed. A fire will certainly melt the resin and release the seeds, permitting the wind to carry them away because that pollination.
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Pine trees have a an extremely long life expectancy and, being pretty versatile, can flourish in nearly any soil as lengthy as lock have sufficient sunlight. We hope you’ve took pleasure in this post and also that girlfriend feel an ext informed on the topic.