Geography had actually an enormous influence on the old Greek civilization. It caused the breakthrough of separation, personal, instance communities, rather than one country. In fact, did not come to be a nation until in modern times (in the 1800s.) hundreds of years ago, the geography of old was separated into three areas - the coastline, the lowlands, and also the mountains.

The Coastline: Saltwater and also Harbors: ancient was consisted of of thousands of city-states, grouped with each other at the southern end of a very huge peninsula the jutted out into the Mediterranean Sea. (A peninsula is a item of land surrounded by water on 3 sides.) smaller peninsulas stuck the end from the key Greek peninsula, creating a good deal of herbal coastline and many organic harbors. There were hundreds of tiny islands adjacent in the Ionian and also Aegean Seas. The people of old took advantage of all this saltwater and coastline and became outstanding fishermen and sailors. There was some farmland because that crops, however the Greeks could constantly count ~ above seafood and also waterfowl to eat. Rivers could not be counted on because that transportation due to the fact that the rivers dried up in the summer and overflowed in the winter. Transportation and also food relied very heavily top top the sea.


The Lowlands: Rocky and Uneven Soil, Climate and also Farming: Summers were hot and also dry, and winter to be mild and windy. Only about 20% of the land on the Greek peninsula can be farmed. The old Greek farmer grew plants that would survive in this setting - wheat, barley, olives, and grapes. The numerous hills and mountains listed shrubs to feed herds the cattle and also sheep. The at an early stage Greeks likewise depended heavily upon trade and imports with various other regions roughly the Mediterranean. That"s one reason the early Greeks tried to set up swarms in north Africa and also in Asia. They wanted to control the income of grains and also other foods.

The Mountains: lots of Mountains and also Fresh Water: The ancient Greeks required a resource of fresh water to work out down. has lots of mountains. They space not large mountains prefer the Alps. Yet they are huge enough to provide two vital things - a resource of fresh water, running under the mountains in creeks and streams, and a mechanism of organic defense barriers. The hills made land travel very challenging and contributed to the formation of independent city-states. Not numerous roads to be built, due to the fact that they would need to avoid the mountains and follow the long, meandering coastline.

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Besides, connect to what? every city-state in old to be its own unit, v its own government and its own method of doing things.