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A German production version 27 (vz. 27 or much more commonly Cz-27) and also a stamped German issued holster. This pistol carries a WaA76 German acceptance stamp and also bears the slide legend “fnh Pistole Modell 27 Kal 7.65,” which show that that is a later German production version.

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The establishment of Czechoslovakia at the end of the first World battle not only developed a brand-new country, but, for the leadership of this brand-new republic, a number of pressing problems. Very first among these to be the brand-new Czech army.

Background

It appeared clear that, in stimulate to maintain their independence, a solid army would certainly be required and also a self-sufficient arms industry to supply and equip it. The current array of military devices on hand was difficult to support, so a basic standardization setup became one of the an initial priorities. As part of this, in 1920, trials were hosted to select a new pistol because that the Czech army which right now used an array of old revolvers, Austrian version 07 and Model 12 semi-automatics, and also Hungarian Frommer Stops.

Development

A number of designs were submitted by newly formed Czech arms companies. Two were selected for additional trials and also in the fall of 1921 the 9mm Parabellum architecture by Josef Nickl was accepted. The first batch of 2,700 pistols followed not lengthy after, yet several style changes and slow deliveries forced the Czech armed forces to acquisition 15,000 German Ortgies and several thousand surplus Dreyse pistols together a stop gap measure.


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The Strakonice manufacturing facility in the 1930’s. In 1954 every pistol production was relocated to the Uhersky Brod plant, about 45 mile southeast of Brno, when operations in ~ the Strakonice manufacturing facility shifted in the direction of motorcycle production.


By 1924 the modification Nickl pistol, designated model 24, began production at the Ceska Zbrojovka (CZ) tree in Strakonice. Built in 9mm quick (.380 acp) the sidearm to be accurate and also well-balanced and, no surprisingly, reflected elements of an earlier Nickl design that had actually been garbage by the German military during the very first World War.

Production

The military declared the Cz-24 a success and quickly placed an order because that 100,000 systems to be yielded over the course of 5 years (1924-1928). Delays plagued the contract and also it would not be until 1931 that the stimulate was finally filled by CZ. Component of the problem involved the brand-new plant’s capability to operate at together high manufacturing levels, while an additional problem concerned the pistol design itself.


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Cz-27 production phases 1927 to 1950.


The original architecture had been for a 9mm Parabellum ring and, as such, the Cz-24 to work a semi-locking bolt and a short recoil activity where the barrel rotated as part of the rearward movement. The difficulty was that an altering the caliber that the design to 9mm quick meant that this feature was an unnecessary and now nothing an ext than a manufacturing complication.


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A German Luftwaffe Sergeant take away aim v a Cz-27.


Realizing that the pistol could be redesigned in a simple blowback action, CZ engineer and designer, Frantisek Myska, started work ~ above a 7.65mm (.32 acp) version. The an outcome was the version 27 or vzor. 27 or, together it is an ext commonly known in the West, the Cz-27. The eight-shot pistol kept the earlier look that the Cz-24 but cost about fifty percent the price come produce. The new sidearm to be issued come police, protection units, and border guards, and being offered on the advertising market.


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A late battle German tanker check firing a Cz-27.


Beyond questions concerning the avoiding abilities that its round, the Cz-27 to be well liked. The sidearm verified durable, and also had an unmistakable snappy retort upon firing. Native its adoption in 1927 come the German occupation the Czechoslovakia in 1939, roughly 183,000 units were produced.

When Germany secured the nation in 1939 the whole Czech arms sector was put right into motion. The German army for instance, satisfied through the Czech LT-38 tanks, included them into Panzer regiments under the designation Panzerkampfwagon 38t. Pistols to be no exemption to this rule. The Heereswaffenamt (German military Weapons Office) check the Czech Cz-27 and, liking what they saw, ordered Ceska Zbrojovka to proceed producing the sidearm. The CZ plant at Strakonice to be renamed Bohmische Waffenfabrik AG and also production to be restarted top top the pistol i m sorry was provided the German designation Pistole Modell 27.


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Panzer Grenadiers indigenous the 12th SS Panzer division in the feather of 1944. The officer to the much right shows up to be transferring a design 27 holster. This division would see hefty fighting in France as component of the German effort to contain the ally landing, and also again in December as component of the German Ardennes offensive.


In the 13 years prior to German regulate the median monthly output of Cz-27s was just over 1000 every month, but with the logistical pressure of the 2nd World war the Strakonice plant’s output jumped to over 7 times that number. In all, 475,000 units were created under German direction before the American military took regulate of the Strakonice factory in May, 1945. This sidearms were primarily issued to security forces and also police units, v reports the the Luftwaffe and also Army likewise employed the pistol together an agree substitute.

Upon the conclusion that the conflict the company quickly returned to its old name and also to production of the Cz-27 as well. The Czech federal government ordered 45,000, i beg your pardon were developed in 1945 to 1946. In the so late 1940s the pistol was exported to a variety of countries and also military contracts to be signed v India, Poland, and several southern American nations. Version 27 production was officially phased out in 1950 with the arrival of the 7.65mm Cz-50. In all, nearly three 4 minutes 1 of a million Cz-27s were made over a 24-year span, make it one of the many mass produced 7.65mm design in history.


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Early German manufacturing slide legend.


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Later production slide legend displaying the “fnh” production code.


Collecting

Surplus selloffs after ~ the battle coupled with plentiful G.I. Lug backs means that the Cz-27 is not tough to discover today. Frequently at prices that for a WWII German pistol room appealing come collectors at any kind of level. Original marked magazines room not complicated to discover and, with large numbers Cz-27s on the market, replacement components can typically be situated with a tiny effort.


Markings

The version 27 markings deserve to be broken down right into three periods; pre-war (1927-1939), German WWII manufacturing (1940-1945), and also post-war production (1945-1950). Pre-war instances are marked on the optimal of the slide “CESKA ZBROJOVKA A.S. V PRAZE” adhered to by the serial number and a Czech rampant lion within an N proof mark. The year of manufacturing is marked with a tiny two letter password on the trigger guard.


German production deserve to be damaged down into several vast categories. All will have “Pistole Modell 27 Kal. 7,65” stamped top top the left hand next of the slide, and also a WaA76 acceptance stamp end the right grip. Early on German production at the Strakonice plant was stamped “Bohmische WaffenfabrikAG in Prag.”, adhered to by an eagle proof and also the serial number along the spine of the slide. Later on production would use the German password “fnh” on the left hand next of the on slide in prior of the Pistole Modell 27 Kal. 7,65 legend. Because that this series of production an eagle proof adhered to by the serial number to be stamped into the spine of the slide.


All pistols were made in traditional blue finish, and also later in a phosphate finish as well. The quality of these pistols substantially diminished, an especially late in the war, as chronic shortages played destruction with manufacturing schedules. It should be listed that a huge number of young stamping variations space seen v Cz-27s made under German occupation. U-marked maintain models exists, as do police and also military variations. Magazines for German production are commonly stamped P. Mod. 27 ~ above the base. Post war Cz-27 production was initially completed with staying German production components which can lead come several noting variations.


Holster

The main German sample holster because that the pistol is do of brown or black leather with a spare magazine compartment sewn top top the front, and also a single wide belt loop. On the back it is stamped “P. Mod. 27,” in addition to the year of production, the Czech rampant lion within an N proof mark, and also the exact same German WaA76 accept marks discovered on the pistol. The holster is less generally encountered in pebble grain, or in a canvas dry configuration.

Further reading

Bender, Eugene. Army Holsters of human being War II, Rowe, Rochester, N.Y., 1998.

Bruce, Gordon. The evolution of army Automatic Pistols. R.I : Mowbry Publishing, 2012.

Ezell, Edward C. Handaramuseum.org the the World. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1981.

Hoffschmidt, E.J. “CZ model 27 Pistol.” American Rifleman, July 1961.

Hogg, Ian V. German Handaramuseum.org. London: Greenhill, 2001.

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Smith, Walther. Pistols and Revolvers, vol. I, (Special reprint), Birmingham: Palladium Press, 1997 (1946).

Whittington, major Robert. German Pistols and Holsters 1934/1945: Military, Police, NSDAP,