Seizures occur when nerve cells in the brain send out sudden, excessive, uncontrolled electric signals.

You are watching: Eyes rolling to the back of your head

Generalized seizuresoccur as soon as nerve cell inboth political parties of the brainare involved at the exact same time (Picture 1).

*

When the seizure starts, the human is not conscious of his or she surroundings. A human being who is about to have a generalised seizure may have actually no warning the it will certainly happen. However, just before it beginning there might be a change in behavior, such as being irritable or feeling restless.

There are 6 types of generalized seizures:

Tonic-clonic

Myoclonic

Tonic

Absence

Atonic

Clonic

Tonic-clonic Seizures

Tonic-clonic (TON ik KLON ik) seizures space the many common form of generalized seizure. In ~ the begin of the seizure, the child is not aware of his surroundings. He might make an unexplained sound. The tonic step is the first stage the the seizure when the whole body becomes stiff.

The eyes roll back or come the side. The pupils of the eyes may adjust size. Breathing becomes really slow and shallow. The love rate may change. The child might bite his tongue, butit is difficult for the child to gulp down his tongue.

Thetonicphase is followed by trembling movements, referred to as aclonicphase. Clonic actions incorporate jerking the the face, head, arms and legs. As the seizure continues, the jerking decreases.

After the seizure, the boy becomes limp. He may urinate, have actually a bowel motion or vomit. This is the begin of thepost-ictalphase. During this time, the child might be confused, in a "fighting" mood, or tough to wake up or he may sleep for several hours. When the son wakes up, he will certainly not remember anything around the seizure and may complain the tiredness, headache or sick muscles.

Absence Seizures

Absence (AB sens) seizures come on quickly and last a brief time (30 seconds or less). The kid recovers appropriate away. Through an lack seizure, the child just stares into space. The does not speak or listen what is spoken. The seizure may include eye blinking.

When the seizure is over, the child proceeds with what he to be doing before the seizure. He might not understand he had actually a seizure. This type of seizure deserve to be mistaken for problems with learning, actions or coordination due to the fact that the child might seem perplexed or "spaced-out." absence seizures might happen many times a day.

Myoclonic Seizures

Myoclonic (MY five KLON ik) seizures are brief, sudden jerks of the body. The entire body might be affiliated or the seizure might be restricted to the face, trunk, arms or legs. The seizure may be simply one jerk or numerous jerks in a row.

The boy with myoclonic seizures might complain about dropping or spilling points or may find himself ~ above the floor and also not remember just how he gained there. Unlike other generalized seizures, the boy usually is aware of his/her surroundings throughout the event and also may know he has had actually a jerk.

Atonic Seizures

With one atonic (ay TON ik) seizure (also referred to as “drop” seizures), the child has a suddenly loss of muscle tone and control. If he is standing, that will fall suddenly to the floor. The seizure may be followed by a short period of confusion.

Tonic Seizures

With a tonic (TON ik) seizure the child stiffens. He might look choose he is shivering or having actually a "cold chill." The muscles execute not relax until the seizure is over. The stiffening might be intense enough to reason the child to fall.

After the seizure, the child becomes limp. He might urinate, have actually a bowel movement or vomit. This is the begin of thepost-ictalphase. During this time, the child may be confused, in a "fighting" mood, or difficult to awaken or he might sleep for several hours. As soon as the child wakes up, he will not mental anything about the seizure and also may complain the tiredness, headache or sore muscles.

Clonic Seizures

With a clonic (KLON ik) seizure the human body stiffens and relaxes in a rhythmic way. It might look like jerking the the entire body.

After the seizure, the boy becomes limp. He might urinate, have actually a bowel motion or vomit. This is the begin of thepost-ictalphase. During this time, the child may be confused, in a "fighting" mood, or difficult to awaken or he may sleep for several hours. As soon as the child wakes up, he will certainly not mental anything about the seizure and also may complain of tiredness, headache or ill muscles.

When to get Emergency Help

Absence, myoclonic and atonic seizures commonly last only a fewseconds. Tonic-clonic, tonic and also clonic seizures usually last just a fewminutes.It is vital to rememberseizures do not usually cause brain damage uneven they last for over 30-60 minutes.However, girlfriend should contact for emergency help if any of the complying with occurs:

Your child has actually trouble breathing during the seizure and also his or her color

The seizure lasts more than 5 minutes and you carry out not have a seizure rescue

Your kid chokes on blood, vomit,

Your kid is injured throughout a fall or throughout the seizure and needs very first aid (a negative cut or damaged bone).

Have someone stay close to your son after the seizure. In ~ 30 minute you should have the ability to get some an answer from him, together as opening his eyes, advertise you far or start to arouse. If friend cannot get any an answer from your child 30 minutes after the seizure, speak to 911.

To learn much more about exactly how to care for your child throughout a seizure, ask because that Helping Hand HH- I-61,Seizure Care.

If you have any questions, please ask your physician or nurse or call.

See more: Driving Time From Houston To Austin, Tx, Driving Time From Houston, Tx To Austin, Tx

If you must speak through someone after continual office hours, contact the hospital operator in ~ (614) 722-2000 and ask to speak with the neurology physician on call.

Seizures - generalised (PDF)