When solid solute (substance or particles) and liquid solvent space mixed, the only possible reactions room dissolution and crystallization.
You are watching: Difference between saturated unsaturated and supersaturated
Types the Saturation
|Saturated Solution||A solution with solute that dissolves until it is can not to dissolve anymore, leaving the undissolved substances in ~ the bottom.|
|Unsaturated Solution||A systems (with less solute than the saturation solution) that completely dissolves, leaving no continuing to be substances.|
|Supersaturated Solution||A equipment (with an ext solute than the saturated solution) that contains more undissolved solute 보다 the saturated solution due to the fact that of its propensity to crystallize and precipitate.|
Example 1: above is illustrated an example of a saturation solution. In number 1.1-1.3, over there is a constant amount that water in every the beakers. Number 1.1 mirrors the start of the saturation process, in which the heavy solute begins to dissolve (represented through red arrows). In the next beaker, figure 1.2, much of the heavy solute has actually dissolved, yet not completely, due to the fact that the process of crystallization (represented by blue arrows) has actually begun. In the critical beaker, figure 1.3, just a small amount that the solute solvent remains undissolved. In this process, the price of the crystallization is quicker than the rate of dissolution, leading to the amount of liquified to be much less than the amount crystallized.
Example 2: Next, one unsaturated solution is considered. In figure 2.1-2.3, over there is a constant amount of water in all the beakers. Figure 2.1 shows the start of the process, in which solid solute is beginning to dissolve (represented through red arrows). In the following beaker, shown in number 2.2, a huge amount the solute has actually dissolved. The size of the red arrows room much bigger than those the the blue arrows, which way that the rate of resolution is much greater than rate of crystallization. In the critical beaker, presented in figure 2.3, the solute solvent has totally dissolved in the liquid solvent.