Charles Darwin and also his publication "The beginning of Species" will forever be linked with the Galapagos Islands.


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Wolf volcano, Isabela IslandSource: NASA/Wikimedia CommonsIsabela, which is situated on the west edge that the archipelago close to the Galapagos hotspot, is one of the youngest islands. The one million year-old island was formed by the mergers of 6 shield volcanoes: Alcedo, Cerro Azul, Darwin, Ecuador, Sierra Negra, and also Wolf.


With the exception of Ecuador, this volcanoes room still active. This makes the Galapagos Islands one of the most volcanically active places on planet Earth. Volcan Ecuador and Volcan wolf (the island"s highest point with an elevation of 1,707meters (5,600feet), lie directly on the Equator.

The Isabela island provides excellent instances of a geologic incident that developed the Galapagos Islands, including uplifts in ~ Urvina Bay and the Bolivar Channel, tuff cones at Tagus Cove, and also Pulmace on Alcedo and also Sierra Negra, among the most active volcanoes in the world.

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Galapagos Islands: UNESCO human being Heritage

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Charles Darwin research StationSource: Waltermera182/Wikimedia CommonsA trip to the Galapagos archipelago is not finish without a prevent at the Charles Darwin research study Station. Located in Puerto Ayora, Santa Cruz Island, the study facility is the operative branch of the Charles Darwin structure (CDF). Ithouses considerable collection of maintained specimens that the Galapagos Islands" tree life.

Fernandina Island: home of very first living naval iguana

Charles Darwin to be amazed by the number of marine iguanas that foraged underwater.He thought that the iguana fed of fish and little animals. However, a dissection the a marine iguana resulted in the discovery that they feed off algae.

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Charles Darwin study Station Source: David Adam Kess/Wikimedia Commons

Charles Darwin & the Galapagos Islands

Charles Darwin realized that the different islands that consist of the archipelago were house to similar but different species. However, the distinctive creatures to be perfectly adapted to their environments. This led him come ponder the origin of the inhabitants of these islands.


When setup off from England in 1831, Charles Darwin was prepared for a five-year voyage about the civilization with small ambitions because that groundbreaking scientific research. However, after surveying the coasts of south America, the ship stopped over in the Galapagos Islands. This changed everything forever.

Among those varieties that win Charles Darwin so substantially were the finches, bird which are now called in his honor. Charles Darwin very first supposed the these finches to be all descendants of the same lineage.

But years later in 1859, Darwin lastly consolidated all of his observations right into his famous publication On The beginning of Species. His bookcontroversially changed the clinical view top top the biological origins the life.

Charles Darwin and also the HMS Beagle to be on the Galapagos Islands during September and October the 1835. Throughout five weeks, he had actually the opportunity to check out the islands and also collect numerous Galapagos species which he offered in his own research and also that that his friends back in England.


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Source: John Gould/Wikimedia CommonsIt was not before leaving the Galapagos Islands that Charles Darwin concluded the one kind of finch from south America had actually arrived top top the recently-risen islands and, favor it had actually happened with the tortoises, the finches had adapted to the different avenues found on each island.Later on, when Darwin was composing On the origin of Species, hedrew heavily on the pets he saw and also observed top top the Galapagos Islands. With his drawings, Darwin advanced his radical id that the production of the different species on the earth was not a single event but rather a process of readjust from one form into numerous different ones.

Lonesome George

On June 24, 2012, Lonesome George was discovered dead by members that the Galapagos national Park Service. He was the sole remaining Pinta Island tortoise and a Galapagos conservation icon. The death of Lonesome George markedthe extinction of the Pinta types of tortoise.


“Whatever happens to this single animal, permit him always remind united state that the fate of every living points on planet is in human being hands.”— this words are inscribed top top the information panel exterior the enclosure that Lonesome George at CDRS/GNP.

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Darwin"s tortoise HarrietSource:Thuresson/Wikimedia CommonsHarriet to be a Galapagos tortoise who had an estimated age of 175 years. She was born roughly in 1830 top top the Galapagos Islands and was built up by Charles Darwin.


At the time of her death on June 23, 2006, she was a residents in Beerwah, Australia. She belonged come theChelonoidis nigra species.

Harriet died of heart failure following a short illness. Harriet was the 3rd oldest tortoise.

Tu"i Malila passed away in 1965 in ~ the period of 188, and also Adwaita died in 2006 at the estimated age of 255.

Galapagos penguin: endangered

The Galapagos penguin is ~ above the endangered varieties list. It"s a penguin endemic to the Galápagos Islands and also the only penguin that resides north of the Equator.


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Why Don't Penguins' Feet Freeze?: A impressive Evolutionary Adaptation


The Galapagos penguin deserve to survive due to the cool temperatures resulting from the Humboldt Current and also cool waters from an excellent depths lugged up through the Cromwell Current. Climate change is currently threatening the Galapagos penguin.

Penguins are also threatened through pollution, bycatch, and by varieties introduced by human beings that carry diseases that can spread come penguins together well. Cats pose a hazard as predators.


Past strong storms such together El Niño have caused mortalities of as much as 77 percent of the populace of penguins, with dramatic declines of prey species and reduced breeding success.

Sea lions space leaving the Galapagos Islands because of climate change

Both tourism and also climate change represent significant threats for varieties found on the Galapagos Islands that don"t exist anywhere else ~ above the planet. Follow to WWF, sea lions space endangered.

Species that have actually been introduced by humans such together dogs, bring diseases that can spread come sea lions. Sea lions on the Galapagos archipelago are delicate to the effects of climate change on ocean currents, which effects their fish food abundance. Lock are additionally victims that bycatch in fisheries.

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Galapagos baby sea lionSource: CharlesJSharp/Wikimedia CommonsSea lions space leaving the Galapagos islands to walk tobetter suited waters because that them close come Peru in a moveadapting come climate change. The problems of the sea roughly Piura room now comparable to the Galapagos.


The sea lions are moving to Peru"s Foca Island, where the waters have risen in temperature end the previous years indigenous an typical of 17C come 23C, i m sorry is similar to the waters the Galapagos, i beg your pardon have become a favorite destination of tourists and also botanists that look for their distinctive ecosystem and also reputation together a living laboratory of evolution. However, they room forcing sea lions to search for a new home.


Galapagos Islands: land of die out species

Charles Darwin used to record his journeys in his journal. That wrote about the places, species he encountered, and his observations and also thoughts about them. In occasions, the remarked that the convicts consistently ate tortoises.

He also detailed that whaling ships and also pirates often took them: one such ship brought off 700 Floreana tortoises to eat while at sea. Through 1846 the whole race was extinct.

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The people needs to be conscious around the damages humans can cause to the environment and also to precious species that are right now endangered before it"s too late.