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WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART: OVERTURE to THE marriage OF FIGARO (LE NOZZE DI FIGARO)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) written his 4 act opera The marriage of Figaro (Le nozze di Figaro) in 1786. The marriage of Figaro is well-known as one opera buffa (comic opera) based on a stage comedy the the time.

The opera’s premiere was a significant success and The marital relationship of Figaro remains one of the many performed operas of all time. You may have heard part of this overture used in various films, for instance the movie commerce Places.

The marital relationship of Figaro is set in Spain, in the lock of count Almaviva. The Count’s valet and former barber, Figaro is come marry Susanna, the Countess’s maid. However, the count is planning come seduce Susanna, while the Countess is pursued by Cherubino, a young Page. The opera features a tangled internet of comedy, romance, misadventure, and mistaken identity as the relationship and action of the opera unfold.

together was common for the time, The marriage of Figaro opens with an instrumental overture. Mozart famously created the overture simply a few hours prior to the opera’s premiere. The roughly 4-5 minute overture the you will hear is an arrangement of Mozart’s symphonic overture and also is played by a wind octet the oboes, clarinets, bassoons, and also horns.

once you listen to this overture through Mozart, you will certainly hear the initial Don Giovanni symphonic overture arranged because that wind octet.




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FOR EDUCATORS

Manitoba Music Curricular Connections

9-12 Making: The learner develops competencies for listening by listening critically v discrimination and purpose to:

situate and contextualize music (e.g., cultural/ ideological/historical/social contexts, music style, genre, tradition, or praxis, etc.) support enjoyment and also understanding that music make and also interpret music expressively and also creatively inform analysis, interpretation, judgement, appreciation, and evaluation

K-8 understanding Music in Context: show awareness that the intended meanings and/or functions of music encountered in very own performance and listening experiences

9-12 Connecting: The learner develops understandings around the meaning of music by connecting music to varied contexts.


The complying with ideas and questions can help you listen to this work:

1 Form in music refers to the musical architecture or the method the music is structured. The opera The marital relationship of Figaro is structured in 4 acts with an opening, introductory, crucial overture. The overture played before the curtain opens sets the phase for the activity and music come follow and helps the audience emotionally prepare for the opera. In Mozart’s time the overture walk not constantly contain reference to melodic themes heard in the remainder of the opera return Mozart’s so late operas walk often encompass themes heard in the opera. However, The marital relationship of Figaro is a stand-alone work and also does no contain any thematic references found in the rest of the opera, back the personality of the music does indicate the frenetic activity and qualities of the personalities in the opera.

The form of the Overture come The marital relationship of Figaro is one abridged sonata kind structure. The three ar sonata form that Mozart supplies for the overture to The Magic Flute and also Don Giovanni is shortened below to simply two main sections. A smaller, shorter sonata is often dubbed a sonatina.

The an initial section is called an exposition that generally presents 2 themes. In sonata form, a middle development section typically follows where the themes room varied and also developed, but there is no development section in this overture. A final recapitulation section re-states the key themes, adhered to by an extensive coda (conclusion) come balance the structure since there is no development section.

unequal the overtures come The Magic Flute and also Don Giovanni i m sorry both feature a slow-moving introduction, the overture to The marital relationship of Figaro launches automatically into the very first theme the the overture, a whispered pianissimo (very quiet), an extremely fast and also agitated passage, suggesting perhaps, the conspiratorial whispers and also intrigue to come. The hectic presto (very fast) tempo noting of the overture conveys the frenetic, breathless pace and buoyant mood of the opera together a whole.

The second component of the an initial theme starts with a lengthy note followed by one arpeggio pattern (notes the a chord sounding a rapid succession). Other thematic pieces are then introduced as component of this an initial multi-theme group, and about halfway v the exposition, you will hear a contrasting second multi-theme group that have the right to be established by a an ext static melody, the sound of sudden, according to accents, and also quick ornaments (notes included to decorate or embellish the main melodic notes). Have the right to you hear the all the themes or theme fragments are mostly presented quietly which adds come the emotion of intrigue and secrecy? The effervescent themes then bubble up throughout the overture producing a feeling of wit, anticipation, and buoyant an excellent humour.

2 What Instruments have the right to you hear in this arrangement of Mozart’s overture to The marriage of Figaro? Mozart originally scored this overture for: strings; two each the flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, horns, trumpets; and also timpani. In this setup for wind octet deserve to you hear two each of oboes, clarinets, bassoons, and also horns?

deserve to you differentiate the different instruments that the octet play the different themes and rhythms the the overture? have the right to you hear the various instruments taking turns on various parts or calling earlier and forth to every other?

3 What is the as whole tempo (the speed of the music) that this work? have the right to you hear how the Presto tempo always seems to be moving forward in ~ a breathless speed to collection up the frenetic mood of the opera activity to follow?

exactly how are dynamics (the volume the the music), and also expression (musical aspects that express details feelings or dispositions) supplied to convey the sense of intrigue and the features of comic opera? execute you hear suddenly accents, contrasts in between loud and quiet, and long-drawn out crescendos that create an amazing sense that anticipation? have the right to you listen a an extremely long, extended, regulated crescendo at the finish of this overture? exactly how does this crescendo include to the sense of structure tension? This kind of crescendo is dubbed a Mannheim crescendo.

perform you hear any type of unexpected dynamic changes? The dynamic surprises hint in ~ surprises in the action of the opera. Have the right to you hear the plenty of contrasts in between loud and quiet in this overture? How could the sudden transforms in dynamics or the contrasts in between loud and also quiet, fast and slow, additionally suggest different characters in the opera?

carry out you hear music sounds that are short sounding (staccato) or really smooth sounding (legato)? What result do these sounds create, especially when they space contrasted versus each other?

4 just how is rhythm supplied in this overture? perform you listen the steady pulsing, and persistent rhythms throughout this work? perform any details rhythmic trends stand out for you the you might listen because that in the work? Is over there a details pattern that you might hear repeated almost everywhere in the work? execute you hear running fads of note throughout this overture?

5 just how is melody or pitch used in this overture?

This overture abounds in miscellaneous catchy melodies and also melodic fragments. Deserve to you choose out any specific melody or component of a melody? have the right to you hum or song any? could you attract the shape of any type of melody in the air? can you hear the climbing melodies that create a feeling of buoyancy and also energy? can you hear the easily ascending and also descending scalic melodies? can you hear wherein Mozart uses high, middle, and low notes? exactly how does Mozart usage melody to develop both a sense of secret and a feeling of playfulness?

Mozart is a brilliant grasp of composing melody and some take into consideration Mozart to be one of the best melody authors ever. The overture come The marital relationship of Figaro absolutely highlights Mozart’s genius for composing melodies. There are no much less than 9 distinct fast-paced melodic themes or theme fragments discovered in this overture. Several of the melodic ideas or themes are presented only to be conveniently abandoned or interrupted together Mozart introduces yet another, different melodic theme just a few beats or bars later. However, every 9 or an ext melodic themes and thematic pieces can be grouped right into two key multi-part theme teams that room contrasting in style as described above in the ar on form.

6 just how would you explain the texture of this work? perform you hear the instruments all playing together at once to develop thick sounding chords or do you hear the different voices the the instruments interacting together in more linear ways?

7 What kinds of crucial timbre perform you hear? Timbre is the different characteristics of sound that can be heard. Because that example, the timbre that the oboe is various to the timbre of the clarinet, bassoon, or horn. Have the right to you choose out every of those instruments when they room playing simply by listening to your individual timbres?