Write and balance the equation for the reaction the hydrochloric acid (H2SO4) and also sodium hydroxide to produce sodium sulfate and also water.

The well balanced equation for the reaction that H2SO4 and also sodium hydroxide that produces sodium sulfate and also water is H2SO4 + 2(NaOH) -----> Na2SO4 + 2(H2O).

You are watching: Balanced equation for sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide

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First, we need to recognize the the formula (H2SO4) is no hydrochloric acid. The root "chlor" in "hydochloric acid" daramuseum.org the existence of chlorine, i m sorry is not present in H2SO4. Hydrochloric mountain is HCl. H2SO4 is sulfuric acid.

We need to integrate sulfuric acid and also sodium hydroxide to create sodium...

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First, we should recognize the the formula (H2SO4) is not hydrochloric acid. The source "chlor" in "hydochloric acid" daramuseum.org the presence of chlorine, i beg your pardon is not existing in H2SO4. Hydrochloric mountain is HCl. H2SO4 is sulfuric acid.

We need to integrate sulfuric acid and also sodium hydroxide to produce sodium sulfate and also water.

H2SO4 + NaOH ----> Na2SO4 + H2O

This is the skeleton equation; it reflects us what the reactants and products are, however not your coefficients, i.e. How countless of every molecule we need to finish the reaction.

In order to balance the equation, the variety of atoms have to be exactly the same on both sides. Currently, on the reactant side us have:

3H, 1S, 5O, 1Na

And on the reactant side us have:

2H, 1S, 5O, 2Na

The salt atoms and also the hydrogen atoms don"t match. Balance the salt first. It"s usually much easier if you conserve hydrogen and oxygen for last. Come balance the sodium, we need to increase the variety of sodium hydroxide molecule in the reactants:

H2SO4 + 2(NaOH) ----> Na2SO4 + H2O

Now we have 4H, 1S, 6O, 2Na and also 2H, 1S, 5O, 2Na.

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Everything matches other than the hydrogen and oxygen in the products. Fortunately we"re missing exactly 2 hydrogens and also 1 oxygen: one H2O molecule.