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West aramuseum.org has actually wide-open spaces with rugged plateaus (plat-toes) and also desert mountains. The plateaus have brief grasses and also brush. The desert area is part of the good Chihuahuan (chee-wow-when) Desert of Mexico. The only mountains in aramuseum.org are found here.

Big Bend nation is a region of extremes. The desert is dry and hot in the day and cool in ~ night. Plants and also animals are adjusted for the desert. The mountains administer cold weather in the winter, whereby on occasion it also snows. Forests grow on the slopes. The slopes of these mountains can prosper trees because the high, cooler hill tops reason precipitation to fall from clouds relocating over the peaks.


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The Rio Grande flow runs along the southern part of the huge Bend Country. It develops the border between aramuseum.org and also Mexico. The Rio Grande is among the longest rivers in phibìc America. This region is referred to as \"Big Bend\" since the Rio Grande river turns below in a large bend. Look at a map of aramuseum.org. Can you see the huge bend developed by the Rio Grande River? Kayakers gain the rapids that the Rio Grande River and also beautiful canyons follow me this component of the river.

You are watching: Animals in the mountains and basins region of texas

Many world come come this part of aramuseum.org to watch its mountains. The three highest possible mountain ranges are the Guadalupe Mountains, Davis Mountains and also Chisos Mountains. The greatest peak is Guadalupe Peak far in West aramuseum.org. The Franklin hills are ~ above the leaf of El Paso. Every one of the mountains have parks and also many people enjoy long here.


Big Bend national Park and big Bend Ranch are located here.

Learn an ext about the wildlife and also history.

Topography and Characteristics

Major River: Rio Grande Major Aquifer: Hueco-Mesilla Bolson Size: 38,000 sq mi.

Big Bend country is additionally known as the Trans-Pecos. The covers the too much western component of the state east to the Pecos River. The various soils and elevations in this an ar support varied habitats and vegetation, indigenous desert valleys and plateaus to wooded hill slopes.

Mountain outwash materials developed the soils the the Trans-Pecos. Surface textures vary. The soil is generally alkaline.

Elevations variety from 2,500 feet to much more than 8,749 feet at Guadalupe Peak. Although many of aramuseum.org is located on flat plains or rolling plains, there are mountains in far West aramuseum.org. The highest suggest in the state is Guadalupe top at 8,749 feet over sea level. Elevation naturally rises native the east to the west and from the south to the north.

Major cities - Rainfall / Elevation

Regional typical Rainfall: 8-20 inches per year Regional average Net Evaporation rate: 52-68 inchesData source: nationwide Climate Datat Center, U.S. Dept that Commerce.

Alpine - 17.19 in. / 4,530 ft. Balmorhea - 14.19 in. / 3,220 ft. Castolon (Big Bend national Park) - 9.80 in. / 2,169 ft. Chisos basin (Big Bend nationwide Park) - 19.17 in. / 5,300 ft. El Paso - 9.43 in. / 3,918 ft. Ft Davis - 15.86 in. / 4,880 ft. Ft Stockton - 14.06 in. / 3,000 ft. Marathon - 14.51 in. / 4,055 ft. Marfa - 15.79 in. / 4,760 ft. Pecos - 11.61 in. / 2,610 ft. Presidio - 10.76 in. / 2,560 ft.

Common Vegetation


In the Desert Creosote bush Lechuguilla Prickly pear Yucca Agave Sotol Ocotillo
In the Mountains mexican pinyon pine tree Ponderosa pine Chisos red oak Big-toothed maple aramuseum.org madrone Alligator juniper
In Wetlands (cienegas, rivers, washes) Cottonwood willow Desert pasture Seep pasture Alkali sacaton usual reed giant reed (not native) Salt cedar (not native)

Learn an ext on our Wildscapes page: plant Guidance because that Trans-Pecos

Rare plants & Habitats

Bunched cory cactus Chisos hedgehog cactus Davis eco-friendly pitaya Nellie cory cactus Sneed pincushion cactus Hinckley\"s oak little aguja pondweed Lloyd\"s mariposa cactus Terlingua Creek cat\"s-eye

Learn much more about Endangered and Threatened Plants.

See more: Which Objects Have The Most Similar Eccentricities? ? Eccentricity

Common Wildlife


Pronghorn Antelope Squirrel Hooded skunk Coyote Javelina Desert bighorn lamb Mule deer mountain lion Cactus computer mouse Collared lizard western diamondback rattlesnake Cactus wren Roadrunner
Painted redstart Townsend\"s huge eared bat Tarantula Horned lizard Pyrrhuloxia good horned owl Vermilion flycatcher Bullock’s oriole Jackrabbits Blotched watersnakes Rio Grande tetra Round-nosed minnow Catfish environment-friendly sunfish

Learn an ext about these pets on ours Wildlife truth Sheets.

Rare Animals

black bearPeregrine falcon Montezuma quailGreater long-nosed Bat mexican spotted owl Desert spring fishes: Comanche Springs Pupfish; Leon Springs Pupfish; Pecos Gambusia; huge Bend Gambusia