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A Grammatical dictionary of botanical Latin

You are watching: Ancient greece words that start with y

The letter "y" is offered in factory Latin to transliterate the Greek upsilon and was no originally component of the roman inn alphabet. Because that this reason, most timeless Latin dictionaries have actually no entry because that Latin words beginning in "y". Both the letter z and y were introduced in Rome because that the order of indigenous of Greek origin throughout the time once the roman Republic was coming come its end.Note: the short (Roman) "u" periodically represented the Greek upsilon, "fuga" deriving indigenous (Greek script) phuge, cuminum from (Greek script) kuminon (Lewis & Short).All Greek words start with "u" (upsilon) space transcribed together "y."The Latin "u" is not the same as the Greek "u" (upsilon). At various periods the Romans provided the symbol "v" for both the Latin "u" vowel and also the "v" consonant, as can be watched on roman inscriptions. In most classical dictionaries the vowel and the consonant have actually their own respective symbols, the "u" and the "v." for either of these letters check out the introductions come the "u" and also "v" sections.The shape of the funding letter "Y" in English script is also the form of the capital letter because that "upsilon" in Greek script: "Y."
The letter "y" that the English alphabet to represent a consonant in ~ the start of a native ("yes"), however when ‘y’ is a prefix or emerging medially or terminally in an English word, the is a vowel. The letter comes to English with the Latin, but it represents a mix of sounds, a conflation of Anglo-Saxonisms and Latin, and also the influence of orthographic fads throughout the history of the English language room too facility to existing here.In the ICBN (2006), 60.4, the letters w and also y are stated to it is in permissible in Latin plant names, however letters in ligatures otherwise foreign to those of Latin or Greek "are to it is in transcribed."The upsilon shows up to it is in the just Greek collection that always has the spiritus asper in ~ the start of a word. It is constantly aspirated, so one might say the the upsilon as the first letter of a word is always transliterated together "hy-." NOTE: in ar 60A.2 that the Vienna (2006) code p. 110, the spiritus asper linked with early stage vowels and the letter "r" in Greek is to it is in transliterated into Botanical Latin as the letter "h"
NOTE must be taken the the spiritus asper, or "h" only occurs as soon as the upsilon is at the beginning of a native (which might account because that why early "y", in English, is taken into consideration a consonant). When the upsilon occurs medially or terminally, the "h" is not written, the is, the upsilon is no aspirated. For this reason it may show up startling the the "h" in "hydrous" is not created in Latin in a compound whereby "hydrous" is the terminal indigenous element. Latin transcription of Gk. Hydrus,-a,-um (adj.A), hydrous: - link anydrus ,-a,-um (adj.A) (an + hydros) Engl. Hydrous, anhydrous - parydrus,-a,-um (adj.A) (para + -ydros), the final -a- that para is elided, and also there is no "h" before the u of -hydros: Engl. Parhydrous "living near the water." - philydrus,-a,-um (adj.A) (philos + -ydros), Eng. Philhydrous, "water-loving." - philydrelos, "abounding in moisture" (philos + hydrelos) - philymnos (philos + hymnos) "loving song" - philypnos (philos + hypnos) "loving sleep." - however, with epi the final -i- is elided, but the "p" becomes "ph" before the "y": ephydrous (epi + hydros), "growing ~ above the water," the "ph" is rendered in Greek through the Greek letter "phi" keep in mind that in English, the "h" is easily inserted: anhydrous, parhydrous, philhydrous. NOTE: compound of "hypnum," a Greek indigenous for some Cryptogamic plant, such as a moss, would certainly follow this rule, wherein the "h" is not transcribed as soon as the native "hypnum" is no initial (but medial or terminal). Share names that mosses whereby "hypnum" is terminal would then be compounds that a prefix + ypnum,-i (s.n.II): Tomentypnum - however, Crum and Anderson (1981) indicated the spelling was "Tomenthypnum" Loeske., "tomentum" + "(h)ypnum" The genus Pseudohygrohypnum is interesting as the aspiration occurs in 2 non initial facets beginning through upsilon (hygro and also hypnum). Perhaps the exactly transcripted word would be Pseudoygroypnum! Hygrohypnum Lindberg is probably correct as the "h" below is inserted in between two collection (rather than Hygroypnum); Pseudohygrohypnum. Haplohymenium Dozy & Molk. (nom.cons.) could bear some scrutiny in this respect, as would certainly Platyhypnidium or any kind of genus compounded native a genus made from a Greek word start with Hy- (initial upsilon).
The rho or "r" that the Greek alphabet in ~ the start of a word also nearly universally is created in Greek with the spiritus asper, and is transliterated "rh-." See introduction to the "r" section.Note that the "u", or upsilon in the Greek diphthongs au, eu, ou and also ui is no transliterated into Latin with a "y":Greek Transliteration Latinau au aueu (also eta u) eu euou u ui ui uiSee below "ypsil-, ypsili-, ypsilo-: in Gk. Comp. Y-shaped;" for discussion of the spiritus asper and also lenis, watch "spirit;" .Note: if every Greek words start with upsilon have actually the spiritus asper then the word "upsilon" must itself be pronounced hypsilon <(h)u psilon>, I have actually never watched a reference for this together or a transliteration v the "h"; it is always spoken as if it had actually a spiritus lens mark.When search the derivation of a Greek word start with "hy-," one should go straight to "u" in a Greek dictionary, towards the end, together upsilon is the 20th letter that the Greek alphabet, every entrance of which has the spiritus asper (see spirit).
NOTE: Hypoxis L. From an old surname hypoxys, "somewhat acid," the "y" (in Gk. Upsilon) in -ys is transliterated as ‘i’, hence -is, so the it conforms to similar ending Latin nouns of the 3rd Declension, perhaps with genitive "Hypoxidis." NOTE: the Greek diphthong "ou" is transliterated "u" in the roman script.EXAMPLES: Hyptis Jacq. Native Greek (h)yptios, resupinate "in reference to the deflexed reduced lip that the corolla" (Fernald 1950; Labiatae). Hyssopus L. Old Greek name <(h)yssopos, (first "o"= omega)>. Hystrix Moench: indigenous Greek hysterix, gen.sg. Hysterichos (sg. M. & f. III) a hedgehog, porcupine. Hybanthus Jacq. Greek hybos, hump-backed, and anthos, flower. Lathyrus L. Cf. Greek lathyris, a sort of tree (wolf"s-milk) and Greek Lathyros, a plant, also called by the Romans leontopodion (Lewis & Short), also a tree of Theophrastus "the name regularly said to be composed of the prefix, la, very, and thyros, passionate, the original plant reputed to be an aphrodisiac" Fernald 1950. Lychnis L. "ancient greek surname for a scarlet or flame-colored species, indigenous lychnos, a flame" (Fernald 1950) Lycopodium L. Greek lykos, wolf + pous, foot. Lygodesmia D. Don Greek lygos, a pliant twig + desme, a bundle, "from the fascicled twiggy or rush-like stems" (Fernald 1950). Lygodium Sw. Indigenous Greek lygodes, flexible. Myosurus, L. "Mousetail" Greek myos, that a computer mouse (gen.sg.) and oura, a tail. Myosoton Moench, from Greek mys, mouse, and ous, ear "from the soft leaves" Fernald 1950. Myagrum L. Greek mys, mouse and agra trap. Oxydendrum DC. Greek oxys, sour, and also dendron, tree. Thymus L. Greek thymos.EPITHETS: -y,-ey: -yae (f.gen.sg.); -yi (m.gen.sg.); -yanus,-a,-um (adj.A); - Carex hystricina forma Dudleyi (William R. Dudley); Crataegus Laneyi (C. C. Laney); Cyperus Torreyi (John Torrey); Dasystephana Grayi (Asa Gray); Doliocarpus pipolyi; Solidago Buckleyi (S. B. Buckley); Microsphaeria Dubyi; Arthrostylidium berryi (Paul E. Berry); - Agaricus Grayanus (Asa Gray); Carex Deweyana (Chester Dewey); Vitis Baileyana (L.H.Bailey); Pediastrum Boryanum; Sabatia Kennedyana Fern. (G. G. Kennedy). BUT: check out Gentiana catesbaei Walt. (Mark Catesby) - Darbya Gray NOTE: connecting -i- is elided NOTE: ending in -ye: Pseudolepicolea fryei (T. C. Frye) NOTE: the masculine slate plural: Baileyorum, of the Baileys (Liberty Hyde and also Ethel Zoe Bailey.)
Y (chem.) = the facet Yttrium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. Sg. Yttrio.
-y (English noun suffix): in L. & Gk. Comp. -ia,-ae (s.f.I): indicating state, condition, such as -carpy, -phagy, -tomy; as in -ology denote a branch of understanding or specialty, a science: -ologia,-ae (s.f.I); - anatomia,-ae (s.f.I), anatomy.- see compounds in -geny, generation, production, science of beginning <> Gk. Geneia, the act of being born, > -genes; genos: lineage>: -genia,-ae (s.f.I): ontogenia,-ae (s.f.I), phylogenia,-ae (s.f.I). -carpy > -carpia,-ae (s.f.I): xenocarpia,-ae (s.f.I), xenocarpy. -chory > (cf. -chore}, zoochoria,-ae (s.f.I), distribution or dissemination by animals. -logy > -logia,-ae (s.f.I): agrostologia,-ae (s.f.I),- bryologia,-ae (s.f.I), morphologia,-ae (s.f.I), mycologia,-ae (s.f.I), oecologia,-ae (s.f.I), ecology; phenologia,-ae (s.f.I) = > phenomenologia,-ae (s.f.I), phycologia,-ae (s.f.I) <> Gk. Logos, a discourse> -gamy > -gamia,-ae (s.f.I): autogamia,-ae (s.f
-y (English adjective suffix): watch -ary.
Y-shaped: view ypsil-, ypsili-, ypsilo-: in Gk. Comp.; - sinus in forma litterae "Y", the sinus in the type of the letter "Y"; in figura litterae "Y"; in aspectu litterae "Y" (litterae is slate singular). - aspectu similis litterae "Y", through an appearance comparable to the letter "Y" (litterae is datil singular).

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- glandula alba, in forma litterae Y inversae, glandule white, in the form of the inverse letter Y.