(1-1) Introduction

Many queens ascended the throne the Israel from the time of Saul come the dissolved of both the north Kingdom and also the southerly Kingdom. Nobody of these kings, however, obtained the power and also prestige the Solomon did. Virtually a thousand years prior to Solomon, Abraham had actually been promised that his seeds would obtain the soil of Canaan for your inheritance, consisting of territory as far north together the Euphrates river (see Genesis 12:7; 13:15; 15:18). Yet not till Solomon’s time to be this promise completely realized. Solomon extended the domain that Israel from the Red Sea ~ above the south to the Euphrates flow on the north. The golden age of Israel, began under King David, continued under Solomon. During the forty years the Solomon ruled as king of Israel, there was peace and unity throughout his substantial domain.

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At the start of his reign, Solomon love the God of Israel and also covenanted through God the he would certainly walk in obedience transparent his administration as king the Israel. Solomon was promised wisdom, riches, honor, and long life if that would proceed in righteousness before the Lord. The promise was fulfilled. During his life, Solomon became famous because that his wisdom. Great men and also women from numerous nations came to hear him and also test his understanding and also knowledge. Solomon additionally acquired good wealth, and there were stated to it is in no majesties in all the planet who might compare to him. Under Solomon’s reign Israel got to her greatest suggest as a nation—honor, wealth, power, and also respect were hers because of the administration of her biggest king.

Nevertheless, in ~ the end of Solomon’s reign, Israel ended up being temporally and also spiritually bankrupt. Deterioration and also strife to be everywhere. In ~ a year that Solomon’s death, the land was divided into two kingdoms, and the course of Israel’s history was permanently altered. What action or occasions led the country from together heights to together depths? friend will discover the answers in the an initial book of Kings. Together you read, try to recognize the events that brought around the decrease of Israel.

Instructions come Students

Complete Points come Ponder as directed by her teacher. (Individual-study students have to complete every one of this section.)

Notes and Commentary on 1 Kings 1–11

(1-2) 1 Kings 1. How might Adonijah and also Solomon Both Have insurance claim to the Throne that Israel?

According to the customs of succession, Adonijah could well have been the heir to the throne that David. Adonijah to be the fourth son of David (see 2 Samuel 3:4). Two of his enlarge brothers, Amnon and also Absalom, were already dead, and a third, Chileab, is not discussed in the text other than for the account the his birth.

the family members of David the Judah

David’s old age and feeble problem (see 1 Kings 1:1–4) evidently encouraged Adonijah the it was time to present the civilization that he to be the follower to the throne. His actions were thus designed to to convince the people of his right and also to produce a base of renowned support that would certainly consolidate his position. He set up a imperial processional (see v. 5); seek the support of crucial people, consisting of Joab, the commander of the military, Abiathar, the high priest, the other princes the the court, and also David’s personal staff (see vv. 7, 9); and prepared a good feast (see v. 9). He deliberately excluded those loyal to Solomon together the successor, consisting of Zadok, an additional important priest; Benaiah, among the military commanders (perhaps second in command come Joab); the “mighty men” (v. 8), who were more than likely David’s an individual body guards; and the prophet Nathan.

Adonijah’s plan was thwarted, however, as soon as Nathan heard what Adonijah to be doing and reported it come Bath-sheba, Solomon’s mother. His warning come her the her life and also Solomon’s life was in hazard (see v. 12) illustrates one of the difficulties with a monarchical device of government. Due to the fact that of the competition that typically existed in the royal family itself, the new king regularly assassinated every his brothers and also other possible heirs who might pose any threat come his rule.

Moving swiftly, Bath-sheba and Nathan joined with each other (see v. 11) to lug Adonijah’s manipulations to the attention of King David. As soon as David learned the Adonijah search to take it the throne, he conveniently appointed Solomon together co-regent. Lock ruled with each other until David died.

Although only 20 years of age, Solomon, favor David and also Saul prior to him, to be anointed come his kingship by a rightful priest and by the prophet (see vv. 34, 39). To plainly show the human being that Solomon to be David’s an option and the Lord’s, David commanded that the inauguration the his co-regent take place immediately. That commanded the Solomon be inserted on his (David’s) mule come ride in procession to Gihon in the traditional way that a king made his triumphal entry into a city (see J. R. Dummelow, ed., A comment on the holy Bible, p. 693; compare v Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem tape-recorded in Matthew 21:1–11). The civilization responded joyously and accepted Solomon together their brand-new king (see 1 Kings 1:39–40).

Thus, in one quick and decisive move, David cut off Adonijah’s attempts to usurp the throne, and Solomon was created as king. One can quickly imagine why those at Adonijah’s feast were struck through fear and hastened come desert Adonijah’s presence. Castle were caught in the middle of what bordered ~ above treason against the brand-new king, and also they were anxious come disassociate us from Adonijah.

Now it to be Adonijah’s life that remained in danger. Not only was the a potential competitor to the throne, but he had been obviously make an open effort to preempt Solomon’s claim. So, as shortly as that learned the the enthroning the Solomon, Adonijah fled no to his home, but immediately to the heights of mountain Moriah just over the city that David. Below an altar of sacrifice had been set up by David. The horns that the altar of sacrifice were considered a sanctuary where a person can cling until his instance was investigated and tried (see Exodus 21:13–14). Over there Adonijah waited, hoping for some indication of Solomon’s clemency towards him, which was granted (see 1 Kings 1:50–55; watch alsoOld testament Student Manual: Genesis–2 Samuel , pp. 167, 268 for a detailed explanation that why the horns of the altar were viewed as a place of refuge).

(1-3) 1 Kings 1:38. Who Were the Cherethites and the Pelethites?

The Cherethites were “a people who were resolved alongside the Philistines in southerly Palestine . In the power of David castle formed, v the Pelethites, his personal bodyguard under the command that Benaiah the child of Jehoida . They continued to be loyal to him v the rebellions that Absalom and also Sheba , and also were present when Solomon was anointed because that kingship .” (J. D. Douglas, ed., The new Bible Dictionary, s.v. “Cherethites.”)

(1-4) 1 Kings 2:1–9. David’s final Instructions to His son Solomon

David charged his child to keep all the commandments that God, to research the law, and also to exercise righteous referee upon the people. Solomon was additionally instructed concerning some the David’s enemies and some the his friends.

First queens does not document the huge assemblage of federal government administrators and military commanders that David called together as soon as he sensed the his fatality was near; however, the historical gathering is recorded in 1 Chronicles 28:1–29:24. At this conference David carry out four good services: (1) he gained the support of the human being for the completion of the temple; (2) he gift a large treasure because that the temple; (3) the publicly turned end to Solomon the plans for the temple and disclosed the they had actually been given to the by divine revelation; and (4) he thrived in having Solomon crowned and also anointed a second time as soon as the human being of every tribe were officially represented and could declare your loyalty.

(1-5) 1 Kings 2:2–3. “Be Thou strong … Shew Thyself a Man”

This plea because that manhood and also strength is a familiar Old testimony theme. It to be Moses’ last counsel to Joshua (see Deuteronomy 31:6–7, 23). The Lord provided Joshua the same encouragement (see Joshua 1:5–9). This advice was given to Solomon repeatedly. The ship to obey the regulation was simply as lot a component of the plea as to have physics courage.

(1-6) 1 Kings 2:5–6. Why didn’t David punish Joab Sooner?

Joab, the end of jealousy and fear of shedding his place as commander of the armies of Israel, had actually murdered Abner (see 2 Samuel 3:27) and also Amasa (see 2 Samuel 20:10).

Commentators have noted that “David ought to have punished these 2 crimes; yet when Abner was murdered, that felt himself too weak to visit a guy like Joab through the punishment he deserved, together he had actually only just been anointed king, and consequently that did nothing much more than invoke magnificent retribution ~ above his head . And when Amasa to be slain, the rebellions that Absalom and also Sheba had actually crippled the power of David as well much, for him to visit the deed with the punishment that was due. However as king the the country of God, it to be not appropriate for him to allow such crimes to happen unpunished: he as such transferred the punishment, because that which he had wanted the requisite power, to his son and also successor. … ‘Do according to her wisdom (“mark the appropriate opportunity the punishing him”—Seb. Schmidt), and also let not his grey hair walk down into hell (the an ar of the dead) in peace (i.e. unpunished)’ <1 Kings 1:6>. The penalty of so powerful a male as Joab the commander-in-chief was, required good wisdom, to prevent occasioning a rebellion in the army, i beg your pardon was specialized to him.” (C. F. Keil and F. Delitzsch, Commentary ~ above the Old Testament, 3:1:29.)

(1-7) 1 Kings 2:7–8. Who Were Barzillai and Shimei?

Barzillai and Shimei both lived at Mahanaim. Shimei, instead of mirroring kindness to David as soon as he fled native Absalom, threw rocks in ~ him and cursed him (see 2 Samuel 16:5–11). Barzillai, however, showed great kindness to David and also those who had actually fled through him by giving them v food and clothing. David inquiry Solomon to carry out for the family members of Barzillai together a payment for his goodness (see 2 Samuel 17:27–29; 19:31–38).

(1-8) 1 Kings 2:17–22. Why to be Solomon uncomfortable by Adonijah’s Request?

“Amongst Eastern nations the wives and also concubines that a deceased or dethroned king were taken by his follower ; and also so Adonijah’s inquiry for Abishag was pertained to as tantamount come a case on the throne” (Dummelow, Commentary, p. 212).

Solomon knew and also understood this law, as 1 Kings 2:22 renders clear. At first it might seem puzzling that Bath-sheba would certainly take Adonijah’s inquiry to Solomon due to the fact that she nearly certainly knew and also understood this law. Perhaps she, knowing how Solomon would certainly react, recognized an opportunity to rid Solomon that the hazard that Adonijah continued to it is in to the throne of Israel. Solomon did react quickly, for this was the second time Adonijah had actually attempted to take the throne by subtlety.

(1-9) 1 Kings 2:23. Adonijah Had spoken “against His own Life”

Solomon intended that Adonijah’s inquiry was one of two people treason or a setup to walk treason and was as such worthy that death. (Note 1 Kings 2:15, which records that Adonijah knew that the lord had provided the throne come Solomon.)

(1-10) 1 Kings 2:26–36. To be Abiathar and also Joab quiet Conspiring versus Solomon?

Abiathar and Joab to be still conspiring to put Adonijah ~ above the throne (see 1 Kings 2:22). Solomon banished Abiathar native Jerusalem and also took from him the office of high monk in Israel. Abiathar to be a great-grandson of Eli, that was both priest and judge in Israel, and the critical of his progeny to organize a priestly office. This punishment and restriction the Abiathar fulfilled the prophecy announced come Eli by the mr (see 1 Samuel 2:31–36).

Abiathar more than likely escaped with the punishment of exile only because Solomon was reluctant to execute a high priest. Joab, however, was a much much more dangerous enemy since he had commanded the army. There to be no question worrying Joab’s guilt. Because of the killing he had committed, that was indeed worthy of fatality (see Exodus 21:12–14). Thus, he had actually no appropriate to case the sanctuary that the altar, and also Solomon was not obligated to respect his case to sanctuary.

(1-11) 1 Kings 2:35. Benaiah

Benaiah succeeded Joab together captain the the host, the top armed forces position in the kingdom under the king.

(1-12) 1 Kings 2:36–44. The punishment of Shimei

Continuing to monitor the final counsel that his dad (see Notes and Commentary on 1 Kings 2:7–8), Solomon now undertook to punishment Shimei. At an initial this punishment may seem vindictive top top David’s component and cruel because that Solomon come follow through with it, due to the fact that all Shimei had done was to curse David and throw rocks at him (see 2 Samuel 16:5–11). At that time, however, David’s kingdom to be rent by civil war. Shimei’s action was because of this equivalent to treason against the government.

There may have actually been secondary reason for David’s counsel come Solomon. Shimei to be from Bahurim, which to be a quick distance eastern of Jerusalem. The Ammonites and also Moabites that lived throughout the river Jordan were classic enemies of Israel. To have a known foe of the crown in a city wherein the Ammonites and Moabites can easily go to conspire with him would certainly have detailed future opportunity for treason. This instance may describe David’s counsel.

Solomon’s therapy of Shimei was just and also tolerant. He might have had actually Shimei executed by imperial order. Instead, Solomon lugged him to Jerusalem and also made the swear top top oath that he would not cross the Brook Kidron, the east boundary of Jerusalem. This limit lends further support to the idea the Solomon walk not want Shimei collaborating with the eastern enemies of Israel.

Three years later, because Shimei violated his oath, Solomon had him executed. Keil and also Delitzsch detailed that “this penalty was likewise just. Together Solomon had actually put Shimei’s life in his very own hand through imposing upon the confinement in Jerusalem, and also Shimei had promised on oath to follow the king command, the breach that his oath was a crime because that which he had no excuse. Over there is no pressure at every in the sorry which some commentators adduce in his favour, started upon the money i m sorry his slaves had expense him, and also the wish to recuperate possession of them, which was a best one in itself. If Shimei had actually wished to stay faithful come his oath, he might have educated the king the the trip of his slaves, have entreated the king that they might be brought back, and have awaited the king decision; however he had no right hence lightly to break the promise offered on oath. By the breach the his oath he had forfeited his life. And this is the first thing through which Solomon charges him, there is no his gift able to offer any type of excuse; and also it is no till after that that that adduces as a 2nd fact in check of the justice of his procedure, the wickedness the he practised in the direction of his father.” (Commentary, 3:1:27.)

(1-13) 1 Kings 2:46. Why was Benaiah the Executioner?

The army was likewise the police power. Therefore, through virtue that his office together captain of the host, executions to be Benaiah’s responsibility. If he to be sent, the project was sure to be done.

As lengthy as Israel remained cost-free and under the Lord’s direct influence, they go not have actually prisons. Criminals to be punished by fatality for stated crimes. Otherwise, castle were required to do restitution come the human harmed. Periodically they were placed under residence arrest on their very own honor, together was Shimei, or they to be banished.

(1-14) 1 Kings 3:1. Why walk Solomon take a Daughter the the Pharaoh to Wife?

Early in his power Solomon chosen to marry the daughter the the Egyptian pharaoh. Because Israel had enforced its sovereignty transparent the region, Solomon apparently thought about it vital to neutralize any type of hostility on the part of Egypt, for Egypt had actually been accustomed to utilizing Canaan together a basic for armed forces operations. Marriages between royal households were frequently politically motivated; such a marital relationship was a means of signing a treaty in between two countries. Nevertheless, the marriage of Solomon to the daughter that the pharaoh verified a absence of belief in the Lord, who had actually promised to protect Israel and fight her battles (see Deuteronomy 20:4; Joshua 23:10). Later, this marriage and also other marital relationships to foreign wives verified to it is in a major factor in the downfall the Israel, because that Solomon began worshiping the false gods of these various other nations and also was condemned by the lord (see 1 Kings 11:1–9).

(1-15) 1 Kings 3:4. Why go Solomon go to Gibeon to offer Sacrifice?

The tabernacle developed by Moses was at this time located in Gibeon in addition to the good altar top top which sacrifices had been available since the job of Moses. That is why Solomon saw Gibeon to sell sacrifices (see 1 Chronicles 21:29; 2 Chronicles 1:2–3).

(1-16) 1 Kings 3:5–28. What was Important about Solomon’s very first Heavenly Vision?

Solomon approached the Lord as a humble, obedient servant, and also he was rewarded because that his meekness through a wise and also understanding heart. Possibly no other human was ever before given a higher gift of wisdom. Solomon to be charged to store the Lord’s commandments and also statutes so that the Lord might lengthen his days together king.

(1-17) 1 Kings 3:14. Why did the Lord praise David’s Righteousness when He had Violated the law of Chastity and also Had caused Uriah’s Murder?

There are countless places in the historical publications where David is hosted up as an instance of one who was pleasing in god’s sight. The Prophet Joseph blacksmith corrected each of those referrals to present that David was being supplied by the mr as an instance of what David’s successors have to not do. For example, in the Joseph blacksmith Translation 1 Kings 3:14 reads: “And if thou wilt walk in my ways to store my statutes, and also my commandments, climate I will certainly lengthen your days, and thou shalt no walk in unrighteousness, as go thy father David.”

In the King James Version, 1 Kings 11:4records that Solomon’s heart “was not perfect v the mr his God, as was the heart of David his father.” The Prophet corrected the passage to read that Solomon’s love “was no perfect v the lord his God, and it became as the heart of David his father” (JST, 1 Kings 11:4; see additionally 1 Kings 11:6, 33–34, 38–39; 14:8; 15:3, 5, 11; to compare JST).

Solomon’s prayer for an “understanding heart” (1 Kings 3:9) was surely granted, together the incident of the 2 harlots demonstrates. The brilliance that Solomon’s strategy is seen once one mirrors that the woman who was ready to offer up the baby fairly than check out it killed would it is in the best mother come the child, even if it is she was the organic mother or not.

(1-18) 1 Kings 4:1–25. Just how Did Solomon theorem the federal government to offer Himself Greater control over the Kingdom?

“Upon his ascede to the throne, Solomon made the first of several governmental changes: he produced three new offices in his cabinet. David had governed his brand-new empire practically single-handedly, needing only a commanding general, a chief scribe and also a few secretaries. Come this an easy staff Solomon added Ahishar, who ‘was in fee of the palace.’ He would serve together prime minister, 2nd only to Solomon in power. Adoniram was called the chef of forced labor—for Solomon had a tremendous building program in mind and also no way to start it there is no a steady supply that workers. Adoniram would certainly supervise both international slave laborers (the progeny of those civilization who had survived the Israelite Conquest) and a recently organized, conscripted labor pressure of Israelites, who served one out of every 3 months. In addition, ‘Azariah the kid of Nathan to be over the police officers ’ the the 12 districts the Israel.

“Up to now the federal government of Israel, also under Saul and David, had never been managed by one ‘administration’ together we know it, but rather through a patriarchal or charismatic leader that ruled mostly by personal magnetism and inspiration indigenous the Lord. Such leadership had been crucial to hold together the 12 independent and often quarrelsome tribes during the military occupation of Canaan. Yet now Israel to be at peace and her are was significantly enlarged. The country sorely essential a an ext efficient an approach of government. So Solomon split Israel right into 12 bureaucratic districts, every comparatively same in populace and resources. To accommodate the new territory, the arbitrary departments ignored the old defect boundaries, and also for all useful purposes the lack distinctions were abandoned except for holy place duties and genealogies.

“Solomon assigned one officer come head every district; every one of them were responsible come Azariah. The 12 police officers were in fee of increasing provisions for the king’s household—each district gave food for one month the every year. The police officers in turn enforced the load of offering food ~ above the farmers and also shepherds, and also quite a load it was. The provision needed for one day by Solomon’s court ‘was thirty cors <188 bushels> of fine flour, and sixty cors the meal, ten fat oxen, and also twenty pasture-fed cattle, a hundred sheep, as well as harts, gazelles , roebucks, and also fatted bird … and also those offices … allow nothing be lacking. Barley also and straw because that the horses and swift steeds they carried to the place where it was required, every according come his charge.’ and also this was only component of the taxation.” (Great human being of the Bible and also How lock Lived, pp. 186–88.)

Such taxation fulfilled the native of the prophet Samuel, who countless years before had warned Israel what would occur if they determined to have a king ascendancy over them (see 1 Samuel 8:11–20).

(1-19) 1 Kings 4:21. The extent of Solomon’s Kingdom

“The definition of this verse shows up to be, the Solomon reigned over every the districts from the river Euphrates come the land of the Philistines, even to the frontiers of Egypt. The Euphrates was on the east that Solomon’s dominions; the Philistines to be westward on the Mediterranean sea; and also Egypt to be on the south . Solomon had, therefore, as tributaries, the kingdoms that Syria, Damascus, Moab, and Ammon, i beg your pardon lay in between the Euphrates and the Mediterranean.” (Adam Clarke, The Holy holy bible … through a commentary and crucial Notes, 2:398.)

(1-20) 1 Kings 4:30. Who Were the “Children that the eastern Country”?

“The term is applied come the Arab tribes dwelling at Kedar, and also probably defines generally the residents of the Syrian desert” (Dummelow, Commentary, p. 213).

(1-21) 1 Kings 4:32. Proverbs and also Song the Solomon

The publication of Proverbs contains some that the proverbs of Solomon, though not all the he wrote, and nearly certainly no all writings in the present book of Proverbs were composed by Solomon.

The track of Solomon, which the Prophet Joseph Smith said is not an influenced writing (see track of Solomon 1:1a), is just one of countless songs created by Solomon. Also, two of the psalms space attributed come Solomon (see Psalms 72, 127).

(1-22) 1 Kings 5. Exactly how Did Solomon use Hiram’s services in structure the Temple?

The prophet Nathan instructed David that among his youngsters would build a holy place unto God (see 2 Samuel 7:12). So, David spent lot time and energy in gathering products for the temple. As soon as Solomon came to the throne, among the very first things that did was direct his fist to building the temple. In bespeak to do the building as beautiful together possible, Solomon to work the services of King Hiram that Tyre: “Solomon had depended on the ability of Hiram’s Phoenician architects and laborers, and also precious Lebanon cedar, to construct the most impressive structures in Jerusalem—the temple and also the royal structures for government. From practically the beginning of Solomon’s reign,’ … Hiram gave Solomon v all the hardwood of cedar and cypress that he desired, if Solomon offered Hiram twenty thousands cors <125,000 bushels> the wheat as food because that his household, and twenty thousand cors of beaten oil. Solomon provided this come Hiram year through year,’ ~ above an rate plan.” (Great civilization of the Bible, p. 190.)

(1-23) 1 Kings 5:13. Conscription the Israel

Compare with 1 Samuel 8:11–18.

(1-24) 1 Kings 6. Exactly how Did Solomon Learn how the Temple have to Be Built?

Although David got some revelation about the structure of the temple (see 1 Kings 6:30–33), reportedly Solomon received even more. Chairman Brigham Young said: “The sample of this temple, the length and breadth, and also height of the inner and also outer courts, through all the fixtures thereunto appertaining, were provided to Solomon through revelation, v the proper source. And why to be this revelation-pattern necessary? due to the fact that Solomon had never developed a temple, and did not understand what was necessary in the arrangement of the various apartments, any better than Moses did what was needed in the tabernacle.” (Discourses the Brigham Young, p. 414.)

The holy place of Solomon was later on destroyed, and also the kingdom that Judah was scattered. Zerubbabel’s temple, i m sorry Herod renovated, to be later constructed on the very same spot. This later on temple to be the one standing in the Savior’s day. (See Notes and also Commentary ~ above Ezra 6:13–15.)

(1-25) 1 Kings 6. The definition of the building of Solomon’s Temple

“Soon after Solomon’s accession to the throne he set about the labor, which, together heritage and also honor, had concerned him v his crown. The laid the foundation in the fourth year of his reign, and also the building was perfect within seven years and also a half. Through the good wealth gathered by his kingly father and also specifically booked for the building of the Temple, Solomon was able to put the under tribute, and to enlist the co-operation of nations in his good undertaking. The holy place workmen numbered scores the thousands, and also every department remained in charge of understand craftsmen. To offer on the great structure in any capacity was an honor; and labor obtained a dignity never before recognized. … The erection that the holy place of Solomon was an epoch-making event, no alone in the background of Israel, yet in the of the world.” (James E. Talmage, The residence of the Lord, pp. 5–6.)

(1-26) 1 Kings 6. Exactly how Did Solomon’s temple Differ indigenous the Tabernacle that the Wilderness?

“A to compare of the plan of Solomon’s holy place with that of the previously Tabernacle mirrors that in all essentials that arrangement and proportion the two were so almost alike regarding be virtually identical. True, the Tabernacle had but one enclosure, when the holy place was surrounded by courts, but the inner structure itself, the temple proper, very closely followed the earlier design. The size of the holy of Holies, the holy Place, and the Porch, were in the holy place exactly double those the the equivalent parts in the Tabernacle.” (Talmage, House of the Lord, p. 6.)

The temple was long and narrow. According to the dimensions cited in the Bible, the holy place was around one hundred feet long and also thirty feet wide. That stood top top a platform about nine feet high. The temple itself was about forty-five feet high. The Salt Lake temple is 186½ feet long, 118½ feet wide, and 210 feet high.

(1-27) 1 Kings 6:5–8. Chambers the the Temple

see Old testimony Student Manual: Genesis–2 Samuel, pp. 154–56.

(1-28) 1 Kings 6:23. What are Cherubim?

see Old testament Student Manual: Genesis–2 Samuel, p. 148.

(1-29) 1 Kings 6:38. What Is the Month “Bul”?

The month of Bul corresponds roughly with the month that November. “As this was the eighth month and the holy place was begun in the second, the time actually occupied in its building and construction was, in strictness, 7½ years” (Dummelow, Commentary, p. 215).

(1-30) 1 Kings 7:1–8. Solomon’s Palace

It took second thirteen years to develop Solomon’s royal residence (see 1 Kings 9:10). Solomon’s royal residence “consisted of several buildings connected together; namely, (1) the residence of the forest of Lebanon ; (2) the pillar-hall through the porch (ver. 6); (3) the throne-room and also judgment-hall (ver. 7); (4) the king dwelling-house and also the home of Pharaoh’s daughter (ver. 8). … The summary of the several portions of this palace is so very brief, that it is difficult to form a distinctive idea that its character. The various divisions are offered in vers. 1–8 in their organic order, commencing in ~ the back and terminating v the former (ver. 8).” (Keil and also Delitzsch, Commentary, 3:1:89.)

(1-31) 1 Kings 7:16. What Is a Chapiter?

A chapiter is an ornament or decoration at the height of a pillar or tower (see william Wilson, Old testimony Word Studies, s.v. “chapiter”).

(1-32) 1 Kings 7:23–26. What was the Molten Sea and How was It Used?

Bible scholars have generally been confused worrying the usage of the huge molten sea the brass. Modern revelation assists the student this particular day to understand its purpose. Elder Bruce R. McConkie explained:

“In Solomon’s holy place a huge molten sea the brass was put on the backs the 12 brazen oxen, these oxen being symbolical of the 12 tribes of Israel. (1 Kings 7:23–26, 44; 2 Kings 16:17; 25:13; 1 Chron. 18:8.) This brazen sea was used for performing baptisms for the living. There to be no baptisms because that the dead until after the resurrection the Christ.

“It have to be remembered that all direct and plain referrals to baptism have actually been turned off from the Old testimony (1 Ne. 13) and also that the word baptize is that Greek origin. Some indistinguishable word, such together wash, would have actually been used by the Hebrew peoples. In explicate the molten sea the Old Testament record says, ‘The sea was for the priests to wash in.’ (2 Chron. 4:2–6.) This is tantamount come saying that the clergymans performed baptisms in it.

“In this temple building dispensation the Brethren have actually been led through the heart of inspiration to sample the baptismal fonts put in temples after the one in Solomon’s Temple.” (Mormon Doctrine, pp. 103–4.)

(1-33) 1 Kings 8. What occurred at the Dedication that the Temple?

“When the house of the mr was completed, elaborate preparations were created its dedication. First came the environment of the Ark the the Covenant and also its appurtenances, the Tabernacle of the Congregation, and also the holy vessels. With an excellent solemnity and also to the accompaniment the ceremonial sacrifice, the Ark was brought by the priests and also placed within the holy of Holies beneath the wings of the cherubim. Currently the Ark included only the two tables of stone ‘which Moses put there.’ The staves by which the Ark to be borne were so drawn out as to be clearly shows from in ~ the divine Place, and also then ‘it involved pass, once the priests were come out of the holy place, the the cloud to fill the house of the Lord, So the the priests might not stand to minister due to the fact that of the cloud: because that the glory the the Lord had filled the house of the Lord.’ <1 Kings 8:10–11.>

“Then Solomon addressed the assembled multitude, reciting the circumstances under i m sorry the building of the Temple had actually been conceived by his father David and executed by himself, and also proclaiming the mercy and also goodness the Israel’s God. Standing prior to the altar the the Lord, in the court that the Temple, the king spread forth his hands towards heaven, and offered the dedicatory prayer. The king then blessed the people, saying ‘Blessed it is in the Lord, the hath offered rest unto his civilization Israel, according to all the he promised: there hath not failed one indigenous of every his an excellent promise, which he promised through the hand of Moses his servant. The mr our God be v us, together he was with our fathers: let him not leave us, no one forsake us.’ <1 Kings 8:56–57.>

“The principal services through the attendant festivities lasted 7 days, and also ‘on the eighth day he sent out the human being away: and they blessed the king, and also went depend their tents joyful and glad of heart for all the goodness the the Lord had actually done for David his servant, and also for Israel his people.’ <1 Kings 8:66.>” (Talmage, House the the Lord, pp. 34–35.)

(1-34) 1 Kings 8:10–11. The Glory the God

Before Solomon offered the dedicatory prayer, a cloud that glory to fill the home of God, indicating the really presence the God. The this glory need to accompany the dedication exercises is exciting for Latter-day Saints, due to the fact that a similar glory attend the dedication that the Kirtland temple on 27 March 1836. Numerous present reported seeing angels and hearing the “sound of a rushing mighty wind, i m sorry filled the Temple,” and many in the community reported “seeing a shining light favor a column of fire resting upon the Temple” (History the the Church, 2:427). The special occasions attending the dedication that both holy places are signs of the Lord’s divine acceptance of the houses developed in His surname to His honor.

(1-35) 1 Kings 8:22–53. Solomon, a Faithful Man

Solomon’s dedicatory prayer provides a great insight right into the state the Solomon’s love at the time. His closeness come the lord is an extremely evident, an especially in 1 Kings 8:23, 28, 50–52. As soon as the prayer was over, Solomon handle the people and also urged lock to it is in faithful to the Lord. As the record of 1 Kings unfolds, however, the becomes obvious how much Solomon and also his human being later departed native the spiritual state they to be in top top the day of dedication.

(1-36) 1 Kings 8:35–36. Tempering the Weather v Prayer

These verses save on computer a amazing promise to Israel. In several places the Lord indicated that He provides the weather come chastise His human being to bring them come repentance. Chairman Spencer W. Kimball said:

“The Lord supplies the weather sometimes to technique his people for the violation that his laws. He stated to the youngsters of Israel:

“‘If ye walk in my statutes, and keep mine commandments, and do them;

“‘Then ns will offer you rain in early out season, and also the land shall yield she increase, and the trees of the field shall yield your fruit.

“‘And your threshing candlestick reach right into the vintage, and also the vintage shall reach depend the sowing time; and ye shall eat her bread to the full, and also dwell in her land safely.

“‘And i will give you peace in the land, and also ye candlestick lie down, and none shall do you afraid: … neither shall the knife go v your land.’ (Lev. 26:3–6.)

“Perhaps the day has actually come as soon as we need to take stock of ourselves and see if we space worthy to ask or if we have been breaking the commandments, do ourselves unworthy of receiving the blessings.” (In Conference Report, Apr. 1977, pp. 4–5; or Ensign, may 1977, p. 4.)

First monarchs 8:35–36 suggests that if the human being repent of their sins, looking to the residence of the lord in prayer and supplication, the weather deserve to be tempered and made to operate in instead of of the righteous.

(1-37) 1 Kings 8:41–43. “A Stranger … Cometh out of a far Country”

As component of his dedicatory prayer, Solomon described a stranger who—

(1-38) 1 Kings 9:7. To be the Temple developed by Solomon “Cast Out”?

Elder James E. Talmage explained how the prophetic warning was ignored and came to fulfillment: “The glorious pre-eminence of this splendid framework was of brief duration. Thirty-four year after that dedication, and but 5 years succeeding to the death of Solomon, its decrease began; and also this decline was soon to construct into basic spoliation, and finally to come to be an actual desecration. Solomon the king, the man of wisdom, the master-builder, had been led astray through the wiles of idolatrous women, and also his wayward methods had promoted iniquity in Israel. The nation was no much longer a unit; there factions and sects, parties and creeds, some worshipping top top the hill-tops, rather under eco-friendly trees, each party explain excellence because that its own particular shrine. The holy place soon shed its sanctity. The gift became depreciated through the perfidy of the giver, and also Jehovah i was withdrawn His protecting existence from the place no much longer holy.” (House of the Lord, pp. 6–7.)

(1-39) 1 Kings 9:15–23; 10:14–29. What to be the effects of Solomon’s Massive building Projects and also Economic Changes?

Though Solomon’s remarkable structure projects came to be world famous, they produced serious problems in his own kingdom. He taxation the civilization heavily and also used required labor to complete his substantial projects. The people started to complain, and also a deep resentment, especially in the north tribes, started to fester.

“The life that the typical man had been disrupted. In the past, a man’s wealth had been calculated mostly by the land that owned, the number of flocks he had and also the dimension of his family. Solomon’s sweeping economic changes altered that system. Land was no much longer of supreme importance—in fact, it might have become somewhat of a burden. The an ext land a man owned, the more crops he might grow, and also thus the much more he would have to turn end to the king’s policemans when arsenal time came about every 12 months. Likewise, flocks were surrendered to taxation collectors and sons were compelled to serve one month that every three in the king’s job force.

“Now wealth was calculated no by residential or commercial property ownership but by the lot of money a male controlled. Certainly an ext and an ext money in gold and also silver came right into Israel every year, however very little of it ever filtered down to the average Israelite, who had actually to surrender so lot of his livelihood come the king coffers. Instead, the money was used to pay cultivation international debts, salaries for the permanent government officials, commissions to merchants and artisans in the king employ, temple and palace upkeep and other expenses.

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“For the first time in Israel’s history, there began to it is in a unique difference in between ‘rich’ and ‘poor.’ The king and his household were rich; the common people were poor. In between were the salaried civil servants and also the merchants and also artisans, countless of whom had organized craft guilds by the time. Such course separations had not been recognized in the Israel wherein a shepherd boy favor David could be anointed king—only 50 years earlier.” (Great people of the Bible, pp. 192–93.)

(1-40) 1 Kings 9:26–28. Israel’s Navy

Hiram’s people, the Phoenicians, to be masters that the sea, conversely, the Israelites to be not. Very first Kings 9:26–28 indicates that Hiram’s servants teach Solomon’s guys the seafaring trade. As a result, Solomon was able to secure gold from Ophir (thought to be a port in southern Arabia) to be offered to develop the temple. (See likewise 1 Kings 10:23.)

(1-41) 1 Kings 10:1. Where Was the Queen that Sheba From?

It is an extremely likely that the mrs was a Sabean indigenous Arabia close to the southern finish of the Red Sea (see Clarke, Commentary, 2:421). 3 proofs room offered: (1) the area in i beg your pardon the Sabeans live is known to have abounded in riches and also spices; (2) many ancient writers refer to the gold and also silver mines the Saba; and also (3) the Sabeans had actually women quite than males for your rulers.